Intramuscular pain modulatory substances before and after exercise in women with chronic neck pain
2015 (English)In: European Journal of Pain, ISSN 1090-3801, E-ISSN 1532-2149, Vol. 19, no 8, 1075-1085 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
BackgroundIn peripheral tissue, several substances influence pain and pain modulation. Exercise has been found to decrease pain and improve function for chronic pain conditions, but how and why exercise produces beneficial effects remains unclear. This study investigates whether aspects of pain and concentrations of substances with algesic, analgesic and metabolic functions differ between women with chronic neck shoulder pain (CNSP) and healthy women (CON) and whether changes are found after an exercise intervention for CNSP. MethodsForty-one women with CNSP and 24 CON subjects were included. The participants attended two microdialysis sessions with 4-6 months between the experiments. During this period, the CNSP subjects underwent an exercise intervention. Expression levels of substance P, beta-endorphin, cortisol, glutamate, lactate and pyruvate as well as pain intensity and pressure pain thresholds were analysed. ResultsAt baseline, higher concentrations of glutamate and beta-endorphin and lower concentrations of cortisol in CNSP than CON were found. After exercise, decreased levels of substance P and possibly of glutamate, increased levels of beta-endorphin and cortisol as well as decreased pain intensity and increased pain pressure thresholds were found for CNSP. ConclusionsThe findings at baseline indicated algesic and analgesic alterations in the painful trapezius muscles. The findings for CNSP after the exercise intervention, with changes in peripheral substances and decreased pain intensity and sensitivity, could reflect a long-term physiological effect of the exercise.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
WILEY-BLACKWELL , 2015. Vol. 19, no 8, 1075-1085 p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-121426DOI: 10.1002/ejp.630ISI: 000360180300005PubMedID: 25430591OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-121426DiVA: diva2:855137
Funding Agencies|Swedish Research Council [K2011-69X-21874-01-6]; Swedish Council for Working Life and Social Research [2010-0913]2015-09-182015-09-182016-04-25