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Relativvärderingsbaserade investeringar. Hur väl fungerar de i olika branscher?: En studie över samtliga företag noterade i Norden mellan åren 2005–2014
Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Economics. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Economics. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
2015 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Relative valuation based investments. How well do they work in different sectors? : A study of all companies listed in the Nordic region between the years 2005–2014 (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Denna studie har genomförts för att bringa klarhet i hur väl relativvärdering fungerar som investeringsstrategi mellan åren 2005 och 2014 på de nordiska marknaderna. Huruvida det finns någon skillnad mellan hur väl strategin fungerar om marknaderna sorteras efter branschtillhörighet samt om tidigare välanvända nyckeltal kan generera olika hög avkastning i olika branscher är ett outforskat område. Tidigare studier på området har antingen undersökt hela marknader eller enskilda branscher där resultaten delvis har tolkats med hjälp av aktiemarknadspsykologi.Syfte: Syftet med studien är att analysera huruvida det finns skillnader i hur väl relativvärdering fungerar som investeringsmetod inom olika branscher för att generera överavkastning; samt huruvida det statistiskt går att säkerställa om det finns en koppling mellan bransch och nyckeltal.Genomförande: Studien använder en kvantitativ metod där aktierna sorteras i kvartilportföljer baserade på dess branschtillhörighet och sin värdering relativt branschkonkurrenter. Portföljerna omplaceras på årlig basis och avkastning räknas ut på månadsbasis samt kumulativt. Portföljerna utvärderas sedan med hjälp av välanvända riskmått samt en diversifieringsprocess och aktiemarknadspsykologi.Resultat: Relativvärdering kan användas för att generera överavkastning i samtliga branscher utom i energibranschen. En skillnad i avkastning, beroende på i vilken bransch, kvartil och nyckeltal som används för investeringen kan konstateras. Diversifiering sänker effektivt risken samtidigt som avkastningen inte sjunker i samma takt. Aktiemarknadspsykologi kan endast till viss del kopplas till skillnaderna i avkastning mellan portföljerna.

Abstract [en]

Background: This thesis has been executed in order to bring clarity into the matter whether relative valuation works as an investment strategy in the Nordic region between the years 2005 and 2014. Whether the strategy performs differently if the markets are sorted by sector affiliation, as well as if previously commonly used key ratios can generate different returns in different sectors is an unexplored area. Previous studies have focused on examining entire markets or specific industries where the results partially have been interpreted with behavioral finance.Aim: The aim of the thesis is to analyze whether there are any differences in how well relative valuation works as an investment method in different sectors, in order to generate excess return; as well as if it is statistically possible to find a connection between sectors and key ratios.Completion: A quantitative approach is used where the stocks are sorted into quartile portfolios in accordance with their sector affiliation and based on their valuation relative to sector competitors. The portfolios are then rebalanced on a yearly basis and returns are calculated on monthly and cumulative basis. Furthermore the portfolios are evaluated using risk measures, a diversification process and behavioural finance.Results: Relative valuation can be used to generate excess return in all sectors except in the energy sector. A discrepancy in returns is shown, depending on which sector, quartile and key ratio that is used for the investment. Moreover, diversification effectively lowers the risk without lowering the return at the same pace. Behavioural finance can only partially explain the differences in return between the portfolios.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. , 79 p.
Keyword [en]
Relative valuation, sectors, behavioural finance, P/E, P/B, EV/EBITDA
Keyword [sv]
Relativvärdering, branscher, aktiemarknadspsykologi, P/E, P/B, EV/EBITDA
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-121529ISRN: LIU-IEI-FIL-A--15/02034--SEOAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-121529DiVA: diva2:856200
Subject / course
Master Thesis in Business and Economics Programme (Business Administration/Economics)
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Available from: 2015-09-23 Created: 2015-09-23 Last updated: 2015-09-23Bibliographically approved

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