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Cluster Initiatives within the European Context: Intermediary Actors and Development process
Linköping University, HELIX Vinn Excellence Centre. Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Project Innovations and Entrepreneurship. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
Linköping University, HELIX Vinn Excellence Centre. Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Project Innovations and Entrepreneurship. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-5960-9270
Linköping University, HELIX Vinn Excellence Centre. Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Project Innovations and Entrepreneurship. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-9938-8839
Department of Business Administration, Technology and Social Sciences, Innovation and Design, Luleå University, Sweden.
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2015 (English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Cluster initiatives can be seen as intermediaries that drive networks among triple helix actors. This paper investigates how cluster initiatives intermediate within a triple helix context in terms of actors’ involvement and dependency patterns between their maturity and member enrolment. A sample of 253 European initiatives was contacted of which 136 (53%) responded. The results show that two factors influence attraction of new target members in cluster initiatives: namely age of the initiative and the presence of key players and support groups. Our findings lead to a number of implications for policymakers, such as the importance of long-term financing of well-functioning cluster initiatives despite their age.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015.
Keyword [en]
Cluster initiatives, intermediaries, triple helix actors, development process
National Category
Economics and Business Environmental Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-121713OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-121713DiVA: diva2:858433
Available from: 2015-10-02 Created: 2015-10-02 Last updated: 2016-05-04Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Cluster Initiatives as Intermediaries: A Study of their Management and Stakeholders
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Cluster Initiatives as Intermediaries: A Study of their Management and Stakeholders
2015 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This dissertation offers a platform to understand the nature of cluster initiatives as a socio-economic phenomenon combining cluster, entrepreneurship and intermediary features. They are particular types of ventures facilitating networks and dialog platforms adjusted to local contexts and offering a way to enhance regional development. The success of clusters and regions is shaped by the degree they are based on and involve entrepreneurial activity, which is viewed here under the prism of cluster initiatives. This dissertation uses both qualitative and quantitative approaches to study various organizational aspects of cluster initiatives and their intermediary role as well as providing recommendations for the management and support of these organizations. It is based on five papers written by the author of the dissertation solely and in collaboration with other scholars where the level of analysis is focused on cluster initiatives. Based on empirical material from the papers this dissertation brings together both the structural and organizational content of cluster initiatives by providing evidence in the areas of actors and relationships, mode of organization and intermediary specific, assessment and management as well as policy.

This work has generated the following conclusions: firstly, cluster initiatives represent organizations bringing together a four-faceted constellation of interrelated actors (i.e. the initiative itself, key player, support and target group), through organization of intermediary activities. Secondly, these organizations are organized as temporary projects, but being able to attract many members and to satisfy their needs through diversified and innovative activities can help them to achieve longevity. The longevity of initiatives can also be supported by policy, which in order to become effective, should include a long-term perspective and bottom-up approach. And finally, the study proposes a model of five central qualitative success factors to be used for the assessment and management of the initiatives, which together depict a holistic picture of their functioning. This model contains elements such as idea, driving forces, activities, organization and critical mass. The two models of interrelated actors and of success factors form the main contribution of this work. Extending the stream of studies this dissertation raises awareness and calls for recognition of cluster initiatives as important actors working in-between the boundaries of other organizations and institutions.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press, 2015. 90 p.
Series
Linköping Studies in Science and Technology. Dissertations, ISSN 0345-7524 ; 1690
Keyword
Cluster, cluster initiatives, intermediary organization, regional development, entrepreneurship, success factors, actors/stakeholders and activities
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-121631 (URN)10.3384/diss.diva-121631 (DOI)978-91-7685-997-1 (print) (ISBN)
Public defence
2015-10-30, ACAS, A-huset, Campus Valla, Linköping, 09:15 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Projects
PIE/HELIX
Funder
VINNOVA
Available from: 2015-10-02 Created: 2015-09-29 Last updated: 2016-05-04Bibliographically approved

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Laur, InessaKlofsten, MagnusBienkowska, Dzamila
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