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Cluster Initiatives within the European Context: Stimulating Policies for Regional Development Dreams
Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Project Innovations and Entrepreneurship. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
2015 (English)In: New Technology-Based Firms in the New Millennium / [ed] Aard Groen, Gary Cook and Peter Van Der Sijde, Emerald Group Publishing Limited, 2015, 147-170 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This chapter aims to enrich knowledge about cluster initiatives acting as intermediaries primarily between members in a cluster or in regional context. This is a practically oriented manuscript written to contribute to refinement of existing policies by proposing recommendations based on recent empirical studies regarding funding, actors’ and activities’ content, as well as cluster initiatives’ assessment. It is proposed that public support should be balanced, targeting new as well as established, well-functioning cluster initiatives. Furthermore, regional authorities should encourage multifaceted collaboration (e.g., Triple Helix), stimulate variation in activities to maximize the benefit of cluster initiatives as well as define and communicate success factors that make it possible to evaluate cluster initiatives from a holistic perspective. These recommendations are primary aimed for regional authorities and reflect a bottom-up perspective where both logic of initiatives’ actions and their development are captured. Yet, even national authorities can make use of the recommendations in this chapter to improve governance of cluster initiatives and to determine further directions of regional policies.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Emerald Group Publishing Limited, 2015. 147-170 p.
Series
, New Technology-Based Firms in the New Millennium, ISSN 1876-0228 ; 11
National Category
Economics and Business Environmental Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-121714DOI: 10.1108/S1876-022820150000011015ISBN: 978-1-78560-033-3 (print)ISBN: 978-1-78560-032-6 (online)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-121714DiVA: diva2:858444
Available from: 2015-10-02 Created: 2015-10-02 Last updated: 2015-10-07Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Cluster Initiatives as Intermediaries: A Study of their Management and Stakeholders
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Cluster Initiatives as Intermediaries: A Study of their Management and Stakeholders
2015 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This dissertation offers a platform to understand the nature of cluster initiatives as a socio-economic phenomenon combining cluster, entrepreneurship and intermediary features. They are particular types of ventures facilitating networks and dialog platforms adjusted to local contexts and offering a way to enhance regional development. The success of clusters and regions is shaped by the degree they are based on and involve entrepreneurial activity, which is viewed here under the prism of cluster initiatives. This dissertation uses both qualitative and quantitative approaches to study various organizational aspects of cluster initiatives and their intermediary role as well as providing recommendations for the management and support of these organizations. It is based on five papers written by the author of the dissertation solely and in collaboration with other scholars where the level of analysis is focused on cluster initiatives. Based on empirical material from the papers this dissertation brings together both the structural and organizational content of cluster initiatives by providing evidence in the areas of actors and relationships, mode of organization and intermediary specific, assessment and management as well as policy.

This work has generated the following conclusions: firstly, cluster initiatives represent organizations bringing together a four-faceted constellation of interrelated actors (i.e. the initiative itself, key player, support and target group), through organization of intermediary activities. Secondly, these organizations are organized as temporary projects, but being able to attract many members and to satisfy their needs through diversified and innovative activities can help them to achieve longevity. The longevity of initiatives can also be supported by policy, which in order to become effective, should include a long-term perspective and bottom-up approach. And finally, the study proposes a model of five central qualitative success factors to be used for the assessment and management of the initiatives, which together depict a holistic picture of their functioning. This model contains elements such as idea, driving forces, activities, organization and critical mass. The two models of interrelated actors and of success factors form the main contribution of this work. Extending the stream of studies this dissertation raises awareness and calls for recognition of cluster initiatives as important actors working in-between the boundaries of other organizations and institutions.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press, 2015. 90 p.
Series
Linköping Studies in Science and Technology. Dissertations, ISSN 0345-7524 ; 1690
Keyword
Cluster, cluster initiatives, intermediary organization, regional development, entrepreneurship, success factors, actors/stakeholders and activities
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-121631 (URN)10.3384/diss.diva-121631 (DOI)978-91-7685-997-1 (print) (ISBN)
Public defence
2015-10-30, ACAS, A-huset, Campus Valla, Linköping, 09:15 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Projects
PIE/HELIX
Funder
VINNOVA
Available from: 2015-10-02 Created: 2015-09-29 Last updated: 2016-05-04Bibliographically approved

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