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Amount of rhoticity in schwar and in vowel plus /r/ in American English
University of Louisiana Lafayette, LA 70504 USA.
Missouri State University, MO USA.
Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Division of Neuro and Inflammation Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-4405-5340
2015 (English)In: Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics, ISSN 0269-9206, E-ISSN 1464-5076, Vol. 29, no 8-10, 623-629 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

We present a preliminary study of the duration of rhoticity in coda-r words in American English. We note that traditional descriptions of American English phonology divide these words into two categories: words that end in a vowel followed by a separate /r/ segment (plus possible final consonant), and words that end in an r-colored vowel (plus possible final consonant). R-colored central vowels are termed here stressed and unstressed schwar. Recordings of 15 speakers of American English producing tokens containing these types of vowels were acoustically analysed, and the durations of the rhotic parts of the tokens were measured. The results demonstrated that stressed schwars were usually completely rhotic, unstressed schwars were usually not completely rhotic, but still had on average longer rhotic portions than the vowels+/r/. These findings have implications for intervention with /r/ disorders, which are encountered commonly in child speech disorders. It is argued that if these findings are borne out in a broader study, there might be no need to teach two different types of coda-r in therapy.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
TAYLOR and FRANCIS INC , 2015. Vol. 29, no 8-10, 623-629 p.
Keyword [en]
American English; rhoticity; schwar; vowel plus /r/
National Category
Languages and Literature
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-121923DOI: 10.3109/02699206.2015.1044674ISI: 000361313400005PubMedID: 26169604OAI: diva2:860723
Available from: 2015-10-13 Created: 2015-10-12 Last updated: 2016-04-11

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Müller, Nicole
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