Theoretical model of dynamic spin polarization of nuclei coupled to paramagnetic point defects in diamond and silicon carbide
2015 (English)In: Physical Review B. Condensed Matter and Materials Physics, ISSN 1098-0121, E-ISSN 1550-235X, Vol. 92, no 11, 115206- p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Dynamic nuclear spin polarization (DNP) mediated by paramagnetic point defects in semiconductors is a key resource for both initializing nuclear quantum memories and producing nuclear hyperpolarization. DNP is therefore an important process in the field of quantum-information processing, sensitivity-enhanced nuclear magnetic resonance, and nuclear-spin-based spintronics. DNP based on optical pumping of point defects has been demonstrated by using the electron spin of nitrogen-vacancy (NV) center in diamond, and more recently, by using divacancy and related defect spins in hexagonal silicon carbide (SiC). Here, we describe a general model for these optical DNP processes that allows the effects of many microscopic processes to be integrated. Applying this theory, we gain a deeper insight into dynamic nuclear spin polarization and the physics of diamond and SiC defects. Our results are in good agreement with experimental observations and provide a detailed and unified understanding. In particular, our findings show that the defect electron spin coherence times and excited state lifetimes are crucial factors in the entire DNP process.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
AMER PHYSICAL SOC , 2015. Vol. 92, no 11, 115206- p.
Physical Sciences Chemical Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-121891DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.92.115206ISI: 000361370600003OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-121891DiVA: diva2:860769
Funding Agencies|Knut and Alice Wallenberg Foundation "Isotopic Control for Ultimate Materials Properties"; Swedish Research Council (VR) [621-2011-4426, 621-2011-4249]; Swedish Foundation for Strategic Research program SRL [10-0026]; Grant of Ministry of Education and Science of the Russian Federation [14.Y26.31.0005]; Tomsk State University Academic D. I. Mendeleev Fund Program [220.127.116.115]; Swedish National Infrastructure for Computing Grants [SNIC 2013/1-331]; "Lendulet program" of Hungarian Academy of Sciences2015-10-132015-10-122016-10-11