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Motor functions and adaptive behaviour in children with childhood apraxia of speech
Karolinska Institute, Sweden.
Karolinska Institute, Sweden.
Karolinska Institute, Sweden.
Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Division of Neuro and Inflammation Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences. Karolinska Institute, Sweden; Karolinska University Hospital, Sweden.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-2208-0630
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2015 (English)In: International Journal of Speech-Language Pathology, ISSN 1754-9507, E-ISSN 1754-9515, Vol. 17, no 5, 470-480 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Purpose: Undiagnosed motor and behavioural problems have been reported for children with childhood apraxia of speech (CAS). This study aims to understand the extent of these problems by determining the profile of and relationships between speech/non-speech oral, manual and overall body motor functions and adaptive behaviours in CAS. Method: Eighteen children (five girls and 13 boys) with CAS, 4 years 4 months to 10 years 6 months old, participated in this study. The assessments used were the Verbal Motor Production Assessment for Children (VMPAC), Bruininks-Oseretsky Test of Motor Proficiency (BOT-2) and Adaptive Behaviour Assessment System (ABAS-II). Result: Median result of speech/non-speech oral motor function was between -1 and -2 SD of the mean VMPAC norms. For BOT-2 and ABAS-II, the median result was between the mean and -1 SD of test norms. However, on an individual level, many children had co-occurring difficulties (below -1 SD of the mean) in overall and manual motor functions and in adaptive behaviour, despite few correlations between sub-tests. Conclusion: In addition to the impaired speech motor output, children displayed heterogeneous motor problems suggesting the presence of a global motor deficit. The complex relationship between motor functions and behaviour may partly explain the undiagnosed developmental difficulties in CAS.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
TAYLOR and FRANCIS LTD , 2015. Vol. 17, no 5, 470-480 p.
Keyword [en]
Childhood Apraxia of Speech (CAS); motor comorbidity; adaptive behaviour
National Category
Pediatrics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-121889DOI: 10.3109/17549507.2015.1010578ISI: 000361265100005PubMedID: 25740430OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-121889DiVA: diva2:860770
Note

Funding Agencies|Stiftelsen Sunnerdahls Handikappfond; Promobilia Foundation; Sallskapet Barnavard

Available from: 2015-10-13 Created: 2015-10-12 Last updated: 2016-04-24

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Mcallister, Anita
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Division of Neuro and Inflammation ScienceFaculty of Medicine and Health Sciences
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