Open Loop Control of Piezoelectric Cantilever Speaker
Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Actuating a cantilever piezoelectric element over a frequency spectrum, the movement will show resonances and hysteresis behavior not present in the input signal. Excursion modeling and open loop control of a cantilever piezoelectric bimorph actuator was studied in this thesis, with the aim to enhance the actuator's movement to more accurately render audible input. This actuator has lower energy consumption and presents new possibilities for speaker design in constrained situations compared to conventional micro speaker technology. Much work has previously been done to model piezoelectric cantilever actuators below the first and second resonance frequency. This thesis describes a physical linear model and its modifications to render the eight first resonance frequencies below 20 kHz, as well as the model's performance in open loop control. This was performed on a single piezoelectric beam and a concept piezoelectric speaker.
For the single piezoelectric beam the model was validated with fair overall result below 3 kHz. The model is suggested to have fair overall behavior up to 15 kHz. Above 15 kHz the experiments showed changed characteristics that were not modeled well. The open loop control had the intended behavior but severe resonances and physical constraints made the open loop control ineffective to enhance the sound rendering. Two different approaches were used for trying to improve the sound rendering based on an excursion model. These approaches did not generate useful methods but present viable input to future work with this type of speaker structure, for reducing disharmonics and creating a physical design tool for sound simulation.
For the concept piezoelectric speaker, due to difficulties in measuring excursion, the model could not be validated. This made the approaches for enhancing the sound rendering ineffective. However, it can be concluded from the concept speaker that the cantilever piezoelectric speaker technology has qualities that could compete with the conventional micro speaker technology. Challenges remain in electric hardware, actuator configuration and acoustic design as well as in fine tuned signal processing for the concept speaker to become a competitive product.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. , 56 p.
Piezoelectric speaker, Bimorph Cantilever Actuator, Physical beam modeling
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-122363ISRN: LiTH-ISY-EX--15/4890--SEOAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-122363DiVA: diva2:865946
Subject / course
Jung, Ylva, Doktorand
Enqvist, Martin, Universitetslektor