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The role of cognitive abilities in younger and older normally hearing adults when listening to speech under adverse conditions
Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Division of Neuro and Inflammation Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences. (Linnaeus Centre HEAD)ORCID iD: 0000-0002-0369-3354
Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Division of Neuro and Inflammation Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences. Region Östergötland, Anaesthetics, Operations and Specialty Surgery Center, Department of Otorhinolaryngology in Linköping. (Linnaeus Centre HEAD)
Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. (Linnaeus Centre HEAD)
Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Division of Neuro and Inflammation Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences. (Linnaeus Centre HEAD)
2015 (English)In: 6th Aging and Speech Communication Research Conference 2015 (“ASC15”) Bloomington, Indiana, USA October 11-14, 2015 / [ed] Larry E Humes, 2015Conference paper, Poster (with or without abstract) (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Cognitive abilities, such as working memory capacity (WMC), lexical decision making, and cognitive inhibition, can help predict performance on speech-recognition-in-noise tasks. Working memory is assumed to play a major part in every day listening situations, storing and actively working with relevant information, while inhibitory control helps to suppress and separate irrelevant information from interfering with the information processing. With increasing age, comes decreasing cognitive abilities, such as declines in WMC, speed of information processing, and inhibitory control, leading to problems when selectively attending to speech while inhibiting interfering distractors. The aim of the present study was to examine age-related declines in WMC, inhibitory control, and lexical decision making, and their respective roles when listening to speech under adverse listening conditions. Twenty-four young normally-hearing (NH), and 24 elderly ( for their age) NH individuals participated in the study. They completing a cognitive test battery assessing WMC, cognitive inhibition, and lexical decision making, as well as a closed-set (Hagerman sentences) and an open-set (HINT) speech-recognition-in-noise task masked with different maskers. We will present results comparing cognitive abilities in younger normally-hearing individuals with elderly normally-hearing individuals, and how age and cognitive abilities relates to performance on speech-recognition-in-noise tasks.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015.
Keyword [en]
speech-in-noise, speech recognition, inhibition, verbal ability, hearing, working memory capacity, listening effort
National Category
Psychology (excluding Applied Psychology)
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-122386OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-122386DiVA: diva2:866040
Conference
Aging and Speech Communication.. Swedish institute for disability research Linaeus centre head graduate school
Projects
Tal som störning vid språklig kommunikation
Available from: 2015-10-30 Created: 2015-10-30 Last updated: 2016-03-24Bibliographically approved

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Stenbäck, VictoriaHällgren, MathiasLyxell, BjörnLarsby, Birgitta

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Stenbäck, VictoriaHällgren, MathiasLyxell, BjörnLarsby, Birgitta
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Division of Neuro and Inflammation ScienceFaculty of Medicine and Health SciencesDepartment of Otorhinolaryngology in LinköpingDepartment of Behavioural Sciences and LearningFaculty of Arts and Sciences
Psychology (excluding Applied Psychology)

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
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Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • oxford
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
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  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf