liu.seSearch for publications in DiVA
Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • oxford
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
The Costs and Benefits of Employing an Adult with Autism Spectrum Disorder: A Systematic Review
Curtin University, Australia.
Curtin University, Australia; Cooperat Research Centre Living Autism Autism CRC, Australia.
Curtin University, Australia; Cooperat Research Centre Living Autism Autism CRC, Australia; Jonköping University, Sweden.
Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Division of Community Medicine. Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences. Region Östergötland, Anaesthetics, Operations and Specialty Surgery Center, Pain and Rehabilitation Center. Curtin University, Australia; Cooperat Research Centre Living Autism Autism CRC, Australia.
2015 (English)In: PLoS ONE, ISSN 1932-6203, E-ISSN 1932-6203, Vol. 10, no 10, e0139896- p.Article, review/survey (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background Despite an ambition from adults with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) to be employed, there are limited opportunities for competitive employment for this group. Employment is not only an entitlement enjoyed by others in society, but employing adults with ASD also has economic benefits by decreasing lost productivity and resource costs for this group. Few studies have explored the cost-benefit ratio for employing adults with ASD and even fewer have taken the viewpoint of the employer, particularly applying this situation to ASD. Until such study occurs, employers may continue to be reluctant to employ adults from this group. Objective This review aimed to examine the costs, benefits and the cost-benefit ratio of employing adults with ASD, from a societal perspective and from the perspective of employers. Methods Eight databases were searched for scientific studies within defined inclusion criteria. These databases included CINAHL Plus, Cochrane Library, Emerald, Ovid Medline, ProQuest, PsycINFO, Scopus and Web of Science. Results and Conclusion Enhancing the opportunities for adults with ASD to join the workforce is beneficial from a societal perspective, not only from an inclusiveness viewpoint, but also from a strict economic standpoint. Providing supported employment services for adults with ASD does not only cut the cost compared with providing standard care, it also results in better outcomes for adults with ASD. Despite the fact that ASD was the most expensive group to provide vocational rehabilitation services for, adults with ASD have a strong chance of becoming employed once appropriate measures are in place. Hence, rehabilitation services could be considered as a worthwhile investment. The current systematic review uncovered the fact that very few studies have examined the benefits, the costs and the cost-benefit ratio of employing an adult with ASD from the perspective of employers indicating a need for this topic to be further explored.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
PUBLIC LIBRARY SCIENCE , 2015. Vol. 10, no 10, e0139896- p.
National Category
Basic Medicine
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-122427DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0139896ISI: 000362510600100PubMedID: 26445345OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-122427DiVA: diva2:866803
Note

Funding Agencies|Australian Postgraduate award scholarship; Cooperative Research Centre for Living with Autism Spectrum Disorder (Autism CRC) under the Australian Government Cooperative Research Centre Program; Curtin University

Available from: 2015-11-03 Created: 2015-11-02 Last updated: 2017-12-01

Open Access in DiVA

fulltext(1369 kB)118 downloads
File information
File name FULLTEXT01.pdfFile size 1369 kBChecksum SHA-512
c604016b67de9fbdcee0ac72e22053b23a224fdc980cf235d07af315354c73b2a6249d742f949c7f768c5f21a5ea1e9d2ec3cf9b0180ca8b27e37fd5a208bcee
Type fulltextMimetype application/pdf

Other links

Publisher's full textPubMed

Authority records BETA

Falkmer, Torbjörn

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Falkmer, Torbjörn
By organisation
Division of Community MedicineFaculty of Medicine and Health SciencesPain and Rehabilitation Center
In the same journal
PLoS ONE
Basic Medicine

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
Total: 118 downloads
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

doi
pubmed
urn-nbn

Altmetric score

doi
pubmed
urn-nbn
Total: 234 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • oxford
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf