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Effect of texture and blasting pressure on residual stress and surface modifications in wet sand blasted α-Al2O3 coating
Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology.
2015 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

Recently, wet sand blasting on coated cutting tool inserts has drawn interest to the tooling industry due to its positive effects on cutting performance and tool life. This performance boost has partly been attributed to the buildup of compressive residual stresses in the coating during the blasting process. However, the mechanism of forming residual stresses in ceramic coatings during sand blasting is not fully understood.

This work utilize x-ray diffraction as the main tool to study the formation and relaxation of residual stresses after wet sand blasting and annealing on 001, 012 and 110 textured α-Al2O3 coatings. To minimize the influence of stress gradients in the samples, all stress measurements were set up with a fixed analysis depth of 2 µm. Sand blasting was made with an alumina based slurry at 2, 3.2 and 4 bar pressure and the anneal was done at temperatures from 400 to 1000 °C for 2 hours or more. The coating hardness was evaluated by nanoindentation. Finally, the activation energy for the relaxation of residual stresses was estimated using the Zener-Wert-Avrami function.

The results reveal the highest compressive residual stress with up to -5.3 GPa for the 012 texture while the stresses for the 001 and 110 textures peaked at -3.1 and -2.0 GPa, respectively. Further, a hardness gradient was present after blasting of the 001 and 012 textured samples indicating a higher stress at the surface of the coating. The 110 textured sample is the most brittle resulting in flaking of the coating during sand blasting. The different deformation mechanisms are related to difference in active slip planes between coatings with different textures. Both the stress and hardness decreased after heat treatment and the activation energy for stress relaxation was found to be as 1.1 ± 0.3 eV, 1.9 ± 0.2 eV and 1.2 ± 0.1 eV for the 001, 012 and 110 textures, respectively.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. , 64 p.
Keyword [en]
XRD, residual stress, alumina, Al2O3, blasting, annealing, activation energy
National Category
Physical Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-122508ISRN: LITH-IFM-A-EX—15/3120—SEOAI: diva2:872497
External cooperation
Seco Tools AB
Subject / course
2015-09-15, Röntgen, Campus Valla, Linköpings universitetet, Linköping, 10:15 (English)
Available from: 2015-11-19 Created: 2015-11-06 Last updated: 2015-11-19Bibliographically approved

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Ekström, Erik
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