Charge Transport Simulations for Organic Electronics: A Kinetic Monte Carlo Approach
2015 (English)Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
In this thesis we focus on the modelling and simulation of organic electronic devices, investigating their structural and electronic properties. Organic devices have attracted great interest for their innovative properties, but their functioning still represent a theoretical and technological challenge. They are composed by one or more organic materials depending on the particular application. The morphology of organic devices in the single phase or at the interface is known to strongly determine mobility and efficiency of the devices. The structural disorder is studied through molecular dynamics (MD) simulations. Marcus formula is used to calculate the hopping rate of the charge carriers and the model developed is tested by simulations in a Kinetic Monte Carlo scheme. The dependence of the transfer integrals on the relative molecular orientation is achieved through a weighted Mulliken formula or through a dimer projection approach using the semi-empirical Hartree Fock method ZINDO. Electrostatic effects, have been included through atomic charges and atomic polarizabilities, calculated at the B3LYP level of theory. The inclusion of electrostatic effects has been shown (through simulations in 4PV and C60) to be crucial to obtain a good qualitative agreement with experiments, for both mobility field and temperature dependence in the single phase. In particular the external reorganization energy, calculated through the polarization of the environment, has been shown to have a great impact on the conduction, shifting the inverse Marcus region and helping CT state separation at the interface (between C60 and anthracene).
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press, 2015. , 64 p.
Linköping Studies in Science and Technology. Thesis, ISSN 0280-7971 ; 1738
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-122991DOI: 10.3384/lic.diva-122991ISBN: 978-91-7685-878-3 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-122991DiVA: diva2:875495
2016-01-15, Planck, Fisikhuset, Campus Valla, Linköpings universitet, Linköping, 13:00 (English)
Kemerink, Martijn, Professor
Linares, Mathieu, Dr.Stafström, Sven, Professor
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