liu.seSearch for publications in DiVA
Change search
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Greater explicit cognitive resources support speech-in-noise identification in elderly normal-hearing listeners
Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning. Linköping University, The Swedish Institute for Disability Research. Linköping University, Linnaeus Centre HEAD.
Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Psychology. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. he Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute.
Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Disability Research. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Linnaeus Centre HEAD.
2015 (English)Conference paper, Poster (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Prior studies have demonstrated that cognitive capacity of listeners is a key factor in speech-in-noise tests in young-normal-hearing listeners (e.g., Moradi et al., 2014) and hearing-impaired individuals (e.g., Foo et al., 2007; Rudner et al., 2012). In addition, aging is associated with decline in sensory and cognitive functions that may impair speech perception in noisy conditions.

The present study aimed to investigate the relationships between working memory and attentional capacities and speech-in-noise identification in elderly normal-hearing listeners. Twenty-four native Swedish speakers (13 women and 11 men) normal hearing were recruited to participate in the study. The mean age of participants was 71.5 years (SD = 3.1 years, range: 66–77 years). The reading span test (RST) and the Paced Auditory Serial Attention Test (PASAT) were used to measure working memory capacity and attentional capacity, respectively. The speech-in-noise identification measured using the HINT (at 50% correct level) and Hagerman test (at 80% correct level). Results showed that individuals with greater working memory and attentional capacities had better performance in HINT and Hagerman tests. These findings support the notion that explicit cognitive resources of listeners play a critical role in identification of speech stimuli under degraded listening conditions.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015.
National Category
Psychology (excluding Applied Psychology)
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-123282OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-123282DiVA: diva2:880600
Conference
Conference on Cognitive Hearing Science for Communication (CHCCOM2015), Linköping, June 14-17, 2015
Available from: 2015-12-09 Created: 2015-12-09 Last updated: 2015-12-17

Open Access in DiVA

No full text

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Moradi, ShahramLidestam, BjörnRönnberg, Jerker
By organisation
Department of Behavioural Sciences and LearningThe Swedish Institute for Disability ResearchPsychologyFaculty of Arts and SciencesDisability Research
Psychology (excluding Applied Psychology)

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

Total: 167 hits
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link