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Modeling the effect of early age-related hearing loss on cognition and participation in social leisure activities
Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Disability Research. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Linnaeus Centre HEAD.
University of Toronto, Department of Psychology .
Baycrest Health Sciences, Rotman Research Institute.
Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Disability Research. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Linnaeus Centre HEAD.
2015 (English)Conference paper, Poster (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

There are well-known age-related declines in hearing, cognition and social participation. Furthermore, previous studies have shown that hearing loss is associated with both cognitive decline and increased risk for social isolation and that engagement in social leisure activities is related to cognitive decline. However, it is unclear how the three concepts and age relate to each other. In the current study, behavioral measures of hearing and memory were examined in relation to self-reported participation in social leisure activities. Data from two different samples were analyzed with structural equation modeling. The first consisted of 297 adults from Umeå, Sweden, who participated in the Betula longitudinal study. The second consisted of 273 older adults who volunteered for lab-based research on aging in Toronto, Canada. Structural equation modeling yielded two models with similar statistical properties for both samples. The first model suggests that age contributes to both hearing and memory performance, hearing contributes to memory performance, and memory (but not hearing) contributes to participation in social leisure activities. The second model also suggests that age contributes to hearing and memory performance and that hearing contributes to memory performance, but that age also contributes to participation in social leisure activities, which in turn contributes to memory performance. The models were confirmed in both samples, indicating robustness in the findings, especially since the samples differed on background variables such as years of education and marital status. Few participants in both samples were candidates for hearing aids, but most of those who were candidates used them. This suggests that even early stages of hearing loss can increase demands on cognitive processing that may deter participation in social leisure activities.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015.
National Category
Gerontology, specializing in Medical and Health Sciences Applied Psychology Psychology (excluding Applied Psychology) Other Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-123290OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-123290DiVA: diva2:881117
Conference
Ageing and speech Communication, Bloomington, Indiana, 11-14 October, 2015
Available from: 2015-12-09 Created: 2015-12-09 Last updated: 2015-12-18

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Danielsson, HenrikRönnberg, Jerker
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Disability ResearchFaculty of Arts and Sciences
Gerontology, specializing in Medical and Health SciencesApplied PsychologyPsychology (excluding Applied Psychology)Other Health Sciences

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