High cortisol in 5-year-old children causes loss of DNA methylation in SINE retrotransposons: a possible role for ZNF263 in stress-related diseases
2015 (English)In: Clinical Epigenetics, E-ISSN 1868-7083, ISSN 1868-7083, Vol. 7, no 91, 1-13 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Background: Childhood stress leads to increased risk of many adult diseases, such as major depression and cardiovascular disease. Studies show that adults with experienced childhood stress have specific epigenetic changes, but to understand the pathways that lead to disease, we also need to study the epigenetic link prospectively in children. Results: Here, we studied a homogenous group of 48 5-year-old children. By combining hair cortisol measurements (a well-documented biomarker for chronic stress), with whole-genome DNA-methylation sequencing, we show that high cortisol associates with a genome-wide decrease in DNA methylation and targets short interspersed nuclear elements (SINEs; a type of retrotransposon) and genes important for calcium transport: phenomena commonly affected in stress-related diseases and in biological aging. More importantly, we identify a zinc-finger transcription factor, ZNF263, whose binding sites where highly overrepresented in regions experiencing methylation loss. This type of zinc-finger protein has previously shown to be involved in the defense against retrotransposons. Conclusions: Our results show that stress in preschool children leads to changes in DNA methylation similar to those seen in biological aging. We suggest that this may affect future disease susceptibility by alterations in the epigenetic mechanisms that keep retrotransposons dormant. Future treatments for stress-and age-related diseases may therefore seek to target zinc-finger proteins that epigenetically control retrotransposon reactivation, such as ZNF263.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
BIOMED CENTRAL LTD , 2015. Vol. 7, no 91, 1-13 p.
Stress; DNA methylation; ZNF263; Children; Retrotransposon; Cortisol; Transcription factor; EGR1; Blood; Hair
Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-122055DOI: 10.1186/s13148-015-0123-zISI: 000360619500001PubMedID: 26339299OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-122055DiVA: diva2:885416
Funding Agencies|Centre for Systems Neurobiology at Linkoping University; Swedish Research Council [K2005-72X-11242-11A, K2008-69X-20826-01-4]; Swedish Child Diabetes Foundation; JDRF Wallenberg Foundation [K 98-99D-12813-01A]; Medical Research Council of Southeast Sweden (FORSS); Swedish Council for Working Life and Social Research [FAS2004-1775]2015-12-182015-10-192016-04-25