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On the relationship between functional hearing and depression
National Acoust Labs, Australia.
National Acoust Labs, Australia.
Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Disability Research. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, The Swedish Institute for Disability Research.
University of Gavle, Sweden.
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2015 (English)In: International Journal of Audiology, ISSN 1499-2027, E-ISSN 1708-8186, Vol. 54, no 10, 653-664 p.Article in journal (Refereed) PublishedText
Abstract [en]

Objective: To establish the effect of self-rated and measured functional hearing on depression, taking age and gender into account. Additionally, the study investigates if hearing-aid usage mitigates the effect, and if other physical health problems and social engagement confound it. Design: Cross-sectional data from the UK Biobank resource, including subjective and behavioural measures of functional hearing and multifactorial measures of depressive episodes and symptoms, were accessed and analysed using multi-regression analyses. Study sample: Over 100 000 community-dwelling, 39-70 year-old volunteers. Results: Irrespective of measurement method, poor functional hearing was significantly (p < 0.001) associated with higher levels of depressive episodes ( 0.16 factor scores) and depressive symptoms ( 0.30 factor scores) when controlling for age and gender. Associations were stronger for subjective reports, for depressive symptoms, and the younger participants. Females generally reported higher levels of depression. Hearing-aid usage did not show a mitigating effect on the associations. Other physical health problems particularly partially confounded the effects. Conclusion: Data support an association between functional hearing and depression that is stronger in the younger participants (40-49 years old) and for milder depression. The association was not alleviated by hearing-aid usage, but was partially confounded by other physical health problems.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
TAYLOR & FRANCIS LTD , 2015. Vol. 54, no 10, 653-664 p.
Keyword [en]
Hearing; hearing aids; mental health; depression; epidemiology
National Category
Basic Medicine
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-123834DOI: 10.3109/14992027.2015.1046503ISI: 000366449800002PubMedID: 26070470OAI: diva2:892861

Funding Agencies|Department of Health and Aging in Australia; Swedish Research Council

Available from: 2016-01-11 Created: 2016-01-11 Last updated: 2016-01-11

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