liu.seSearch for publications in DiVA
Change search
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Differentiating Procrastinators from Each Other: A Cluster Analysis
Stockholm University, Sweden.
Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Karolinska Institute, Sweden.
Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
Stockholm University, Sweden.
Show others and affiliations
2015 (English)In: Cognitive Behaviour Therapy, ISSN 1650-6073, E-ISSN 1651-2316, Vol. 44, no 6, 480-490 p.Article in journal (Refereed) PublishedText
Abstract [en]

Procrastination refers to the tendency to postpone the initiation and completion of a given course of action. Approximately one-fifth of the adult population and half of the student population perceive themselves as being severe and chronic procrastinators. Albeit not a psychiatric diagnosis, procrastination has been shown to be associated with increased stress and anxiety, exacerbation of illness, and poorer performance in school and work. However, despite being severely debilitating, little is known about the population of procrastinators in terms of possible subgroups, and previous research has mainly investigated procrastination among university students. The current study examined data from a screening process recruiting participants to a randomized controlled trial of Internet-based cognitive behavior therapy for procrastination (Rozental et al., in press). In total, 710 treatment-seeking individuals completed self-report measures of procrastination, depression, anxiety, and quality of life. The results suggest that there might exist five separate subgroups, or clusters, of procrastinators: Mild procrastinators (24.93%), Average procrastinators (27.89%), Well-adjusted procrastinators (13.94%), Severe procrastinators (21.69%), and Primarily depressed (11.55%). Hence, there seems to be marked differences among procrastinators in terms of levels of severity, as well as a possible subgroup for which procrastinatory problems are primarily related to depression. Tailoring the treatment interventions to the specific procrastination profile of the individual could thus become important, as well as screening for comorbid psychiatric diagnoses in order to target difficulties associated with, for instance, depression.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
ROUTLEDGE JOURNALS, TAYLOR & FRANCIS LTD , 2015. Vol. 44, no 6, 480-490 p.
Keyword [en]
procrastination; cluster analysis; subgroups; comorbidity
National Category
Basic Medicine
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-123810DOI: 10.1080/16506073.2015.1059353ISI: 000366520400004PubMedID: 26178164OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-123810DiVA: diva2:892909
Note

Funding Agencies|Swedish Research Council [2011-2913]; Linkoping University

Available from: 2016-01-11 Created: 2016-01-11 Last updated: 2016-01-11

Open Access in DiVA

No full text

Other links

Publisher's full textPubMed

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Andersson, Gerhard
By organisation
Department of Behavioural Sciences and LearningFaculty of Arts and SciencesPsychology
In the same journal
Cognitive Behaviour Therapy
Basic Medicine

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

Altmetric score

Total: 228 hits
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link