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Cost-effectiveness of fracture prevention in established osteoporosis.
Department of Economics, Stockholm School of Economics, Sweden.
Center for Clinical and Basic Research, Ballerup, Denmark.
Department of Orthopedics, Malmö General Hospital, Malmö, Sweden.
Linköping University. (Systems Analysis Group)
1995 (English)In: Osteoporosis International, ISSN 0937-941X, E-ISSN 1433-2965, Vol. 5, no 2, 136-142 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This study presents the results of a computer simulation model for calculating the cost-effectiveness and cost-utility of treating patients with established osteoporosis in order to reduce the risk of fractures. The results are based on Swedish data for risk of fracture and costs. The treatment intervention modelled is based on treatment of a 62-year-old woman with established osteoporosis. The cost per hip fracture avoided is 350,000 SEK, assuming a 50% reduction in the risk of fracture due to 5 years of treatment. A sensitivity analysis for changes in the cost and effectiveness of treatment, the risk of fracture and the discount rate is performed. The cost per life-year gained and the cost per quality-adjusted life-year (QALY) gained is presented to enable comparison of the cost-effectiveness of treating osteoporosis with that of other health care interventions. A comparison between treating the same woman for osteoporosis and mild hypertension shows a cost per life-year gained of 220,000 SEK and 128,000 SEK respectively. Cost per QALY gained is very similar for the two interventions: 105,000 SEK and 103,000 SEK respectively. This model provides a tool to enable clinicians, administrators and health policy makers to analyze and understand the economic aspects of a major health policy issue.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 1995. Vol. 5, no 2, 136-142 p.
Keyword [en]
Cost-effectiveness; Fracture; Model; Osteoporosis; Prevention
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-123859DOI: 10.1007/BF01623315ISI: A1995QM68000011PubMedID: 7599450OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-123859DiVA: diva2:893062
Available from: 2016-01-12 Created: 2016-01-12 Last updated: 2016-01-20Bibliographically approved

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Hedbrant, Johan
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