Rituximab for treatment of severe renal disease in ANCA associated vasculitis
2016 (English)In: JN. Journal of Nephrology (Milano. 1992), ISSN 1121-8428, E-ISSN 1724-6059, Vol. 29, no 2, 195-201 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Rituximab (RTX) is approved for remission induction in ANCA associated vasculitis (AAV). However, data on use of RTX in patients with severe renal disease is lacking.
We conducted a retrospective multi-center study to evaluate the efficacy and safety of RTX with glucocorticoids (GC) with and without use of concomitant cyclophosphamide (CYC) for remission induction in patients presenting with e GFR less than 20 ml/min/1.73 m2. We evaluated outcomes of remission at 6 months (6 M), renal recovery after acute dialysis at diagnosis, e-GFR rise at 6 M, patient and renal survival and adverse events.
A total 37 patients met the inclusion criteria. The median age was 61 years. (55–73), 62 % were males, 78 % had new diagnosis and 59 % were MPO ANCA positive. The median (IQR) e-GFR at diagnosis was 13 ml/min/1.73 m2 (7–16) and 15 required acute dialysis. Eleven (30 %) had alveolar hemorrhage. Twelve (32 %) received RTX with GC, 25 (68 %) received RTX with GC and CYC and seventeen (46 %) received plasma exchange. The median (IQR) follow up was 973 (200–1656) days. Thirty two of 33 patients (97 %) achieved remission at 6 M and 10 of 15 patients (67 %) requiring dialysis recovered renal function. The median prednisone dose at 6 M was 6 mg/day. The mean (SD) increase in e-GFR at 6 months was 14.5 (22) ml/min/m2. Twelve patients developed ESRD during follow up. There were 3 deaths in the first 6 months. When stratified by use of concomitant CYC, there were no differences in baseline e GFR, use of plasmapheresis, RTX dosing regimen or median follow up days between the groups. No differences in remission, renal recovery ESRD or death were observed.
This study of AAV patients with severe renal disease demonstrates that the outcomes appear equivalent when treated with RTX and GC with or without concomitant CYC.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2016. Vol. 29, no 2, 195-201 p.
Rituximab; Renal disease; ANCA vasculitis
Urology and Nephrology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-124009DOI: 10.1007/s40620-015-0208-yISI: 000372244700008PubMedID: 25986390OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-124009DiVA: diva2:895040
Funding agencies: National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences (NCATS) a component of the National Institutes of Health (NIH) [UL1 TR 001079]; NIH Roadmap for Medical Research2016-01-182016-01-182016-04-13Bibliographically approved