Number Processing and Heterogeneity of Developmental Dyscalculia: Subtypes With Different Cognitive Profiles and Deficits
2016 (English)In: Journal of Learning Disabilities, ISSN 0022-2194, E-ISSN 1538-4780, Vol. 49, no 1, 36-50 p.Article in journal (Refereed) PublishedText
This study investigated if developmental dyscalculia (DD) in children with different profiles of mathematical deficits has the same or different cognitive origins. The defective approximate number system hypothesis and the access deficit hypothesis were tested using two different groups of children with DD (11-13 years old): a group with arithmetic fact dyscalculia (AFD) and a group with general dyscalculia (GD). Several different aspects of number magnitude processing were assessed in these two groups and compared with age-matched typically achieving children. The GD group displayed weaknesses with both symbolic and nonsymbolic number processing, whereas the AFD group displayed problems only with symbolic number processing. These findings provide evidence that the origins of DD in children with different profiles of mathematical problems diverge. Children with GD have impairment in the innate approximate number system, whereas children with AFD suffer from an access deficit. These findings have implications for researchers selection procedures when studying dyscalculia, and also for practitioners in the educational setting.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
SAGE PUBLICATIONS INC , 2016. Vol. 49, no 1, 36-50 p.
developmental dyscalculia; symbolic number processing; nonsymbolic number processing; calculation; arithmetic fact retrieval
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-124120DOI: 10.1177/0022219414522707ISI: 000365760200003PubMedID: 24598147OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-124120DiVA: diva2:896887
Funding Agencies|Swedish Research Council [421-2007-1881]2016-01-222016-01-192016-02-23