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SICKNESS ABSENCE IN WORKPLACES: DOES IT REFLECT A HEALTHY HIRE EFFECT?
Karolinska Institute, Sweden.
Karolinska Institute, Sweden; Stockholm University, Sweden.
Linköping University, HELIX Vinn Excellence Centre. Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Division of Community Medicine. Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-8031-7651
Karolinska Institute, Sweden.
2016 (English)In: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health, ISSN 1232-1087, E-ISSN 1896-494X, Vol. 29, no 2, 315-330 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
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Abstract [en]

Objectives: Sickness absence in workplaces may reflect working conditions. It may also reflect a "healthy hire effect," i.e., that workplaces recruit individuals with experience of sickness absence differently. The purpose of the study was to determine if a history of sickness absence among recruits is associated with the average level of sickness absence in workplaces. Material and Methods: In a register-based follow-up study, Swedish workplaces with at least 5 employees in 2006 were selected (approximately 127 000 workplaces with 3.9 million employees). The workplaces were categorized according to the average workplace sickness absence in 2006 and the recruits were categorized according to the individual sickness absence in 2005. The workplaces with a high average level of sickness absence were more likely than those with a low level to hire employees with high sickness absence in the year preceding employment: men - odds ratio (OR) = 7.2, 95% confidence interval (CI): 6.6-7.8, women OR = 7.5, 95% CI: 6.9-8.1. Results: The results show that there is a greater likelihood of employing individuals with high levels of sickness absence in the workplaces with many days of the average sickness absence than in the workplaces with few days of the average sickness absence. Conclusions: The results suggest that sickness absence in workplaces may reflect a healthy hire effect.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Nofer Institute of Occupational Medicine , 2016. Vol. 29, no 2, 315-330 p.
Keyword [en]
Mobility; Vocational rehabilitation; Average sickness absence; Disabled; Sick leave; Healthy worker effect
National Category
Environmental Health and Occupational Health
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-124098DOI: 10.13075/ijomeh.1896.00522ISI: 000367191300010PubMedID: 26670358OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-124098DiVA: diva2:897201
Note

Funding Agencies|AFA Insurance [090299]

Available from: 2016-01-25 Created: 2016-01-19 Last updated: 2017-04-25

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Ekberg, Kerstin

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HELIX Vinn Excellence CentreDivision of Community MedicineFaculty of Medicine and Health Sciences
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