Four-component damped density functional response theory study of UV/vis absorption spectra and phosphorescence parameters of group 12 metal-substituted porphyrins
2016 (English)In: Journal of Chemical Theory and Computation, ISSN 1549-9618, E-ISSN 1549-9626, Vol. 12, no 5, 2324-2334 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The influences of group 12 (Zn, Cd, Hg) metal-substitution on the valence spectra and phosphorescence parameters of porphyrins (P) have been investigated in a relativistic setting. In order to obtain valence spectra, this study reports the first application of the damped linear response function, or complex polarization propagator, in the four-component density functional theory framework [as formulated in J. Chem. Phys. 133, 064105 (2010)]. It is shown that the steep increase in the density of states as due to the inclusion of spin-orbit coupling yields only minor changes in overall computational costs involved with the solution of the set of linear response equations. Comparing single-frequency to multi-frequency spectral calculations, it is noted that the number of iterations in the iterative linear equation solver per frequency grid-point decreases monotonously from 30 to 0.74 as the number of frequency points goes from one to 19. The main heavy-atom effect on the UV/vis-absorption spectra is indirect and attributed to the change of point group symmetry due to metal-substitution, and it is noted that substitutions using heavier atoms yield small red-shifts of the intense Soret-band. Concerning phosphorescence parameters, the adoption of a four-component relativistic setting enables the calculation of such properties at a linear order of response theory, and any higher-order response functions does not need to be considered. For the substituted porphyrins, electronic coupling between the lowest triplet states is strong and results in theoretical estimates of lifetimes that are sensitive to the wave function and electron density parametrization. With this in mind, we report our best estimates of the phosphorescence lifetimes to be 460, 13.8, 11.2, and 0.00155 s for H2P, ZnP, CdP, and HgP, respectively, with the corresponding transition energies being equal to 1.46, 1.50, 1.38, and 0.89 eV.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
American Chemical Society (ACS), 2016. Vol. 12, no 5, 2324-2334 p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-124270DOI: 10.1021/acs.jctc.6b00030ISI: 000375810000020OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-124270DiVA: diva2:897205
Funding agencies: Swedish Research Council [621-2014-4646]
Vid tiden för disputation förelåg publikationen som manuskript2016-01-252016-01-252016-06-09Bibliographically approved