Caries prevalence and enamel defects in 5-and 10-year-old children with cleft lip and/or palate: A case-control study
2016 (English)In: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica, ISSN 0001-6357, E-ISSN 1502-3850, Vol. 74, no 2, 90-95 p.Article in journal (Refereed) PublishedText
Objective. To determine the prevalence of dental caries and enamel defects in 5- and 10-year-old Swedish children with cleft lip and/or palate (CL(P)) in comparison to non-cleft controls. Materials and methods. The study group consisted of 139 children with CL(P) (80 subjects aged 5 years and 59 aged 10 years) and 313 age-matched non-cleft controls. All children were examined by one of two calibrated examiners. Caries was scored according to the International Caries Detection and Assessment System (ICDAS-II) and enamel defects as presence and frequency of hypoplasia and hypomineralization. Results. The caries prevalence among the 5-year-old CL(P) children and the non-cleft controls was 36% and 18%, respectively (p < 0.05). The CL(P) children had higher caries frequency (initial and cavitated lesions) in the primary dentition than their controls (1.2 vs 0.9; p < 0.05). A significantly higher prevalence of enamel defects was found in CL(P) children of both age groups and anterior permanent teeth were most commonly affected. Conclusions. Preschool children with cleft lip and/or palate seem to have more caries in the primary dentition than age-matched non-cleft controls. Enamel defects were more common in CL(P) children in both age groups.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
TAYLOR & FRANCIS LTD , 2016. Vol. 74, no 2, 90-95 p.
Cleft palate; cleft lip and palate; dental caries; hypomineralization; hypoplasia
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-124077DOI: 10.3109/00016357.2015.1044562ISI: 000366811600002PubMedID: 25972142OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-124077DiVA: diva2:897247
Funding Agencies|FORSS Medical Research Council of Southeast Sweden; Futurum Academy of Health and Care Jonkoping County Council; Swedish Dental Association; Swedish Society of Paediatric Dentistry2016-01-252016-01-192016-01-25