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Caries prevalence and enamel defects in 5-and 10-year-old children with cleft lip and/or palate: A case-control study
Institute Postgrad Dent Educ, Sweden.
Institute Postgrad Dent Educ, Sweden.
UiT Arctic University of Norway, Norway.
University of Copenhagen, Denmark.
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2016 (English)In: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica, ISSN 0001-6357, E-ISSN 1502-3850, Vol. 74, no 2, 90-95 p.Article in journal (Refereed) PublishedText
Abstract [en]

Objective. To determine the prevalence of dental caries and enamel defects in 5- and 10-year-old Swedish children with cleft lip and/or palate (CL(P)) in comparison to non-cleft controls. Materials and methods. The study group consisted of 139 children with CL(P) (80 subjects aged 5 years and 59 aged 10 years) and 313 age-matched non-cleft controls. All children were examined by one of two calibrated examiners. Caries was scored according to the International Caries Detection and Assessment System (ICDAS-II) and enamel defects as presence and frequency of hypoplasia and hypomineralization. Results. The caries prevalence among the 5-year-old CL(P) children and the non-cleft controls was 36% and 18%, respectively (p < 0.05). The CL(P) children had higher caries frequency (initial and cavitated lesions) in the primary dentition than their controls (1.2 vs 0.9; p < 0.05). A significantly higher prevalence of enamel defects was found in CL(P) children of both age groups and anterior permanent teeth were most commonly affected. Conclusions. Preschool children with cleft lip and/or palate seem to have more caries in the primary dentition than age-matched non-cleft controls. Enamel defects were more common in CL(P) children in both age groups.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
TAYLOR & FRANCIS LTD , 2016. Vol. 74, no 2, 90-95 p.
Keyword [en]
Cleft palate; cleft lip and palate; dental caries; hypomineralization; hypoplasia
National Category
Clinical Medicine
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-124077DOI: 10.3109/00016357.2015.1044562ISI: 000366811600002PubMedID: 25972142OAI: diva2:897247

Funding Agencies|FORSS Medical Research Council of Southeast Sweden; Futurum Academy of Health and Care Jonkoping County Council; Swedish Dental Association; Swedish Society of Paediatric Dentistry

Available from: 2016-01-25 Created: 2016-01-19 Last updated: 2016-01-25

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Marcusson, Agneta
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Division of Clinical SciencesFaculty of Health SciencesMaxillofacial Unit
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