Is the present definition of mycardial infarction in transcatheter aortic valve implantation relevant for the postprocedulal outcome?
2015 (English)Conference paper, Abstract (Other academic)
Background: The association between biomarkers and adverse procedural outcome has been established. However, the additive prognostic importance of signs and symptoms according to the Valve Academic Research Consortium (VARC)-2 criteria for periprocedural myocardial infarction (MI) are more uncertain.
Aim: To evaluate the relevance of the individual components of the VARC-2 criteria for periprocedural myocardial infarction (MI) in transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI).Methods: A total of 125 consecutive TAVI patients were prospectively included in this study. Biomarkers for MI were analyzed and signs and symptoms according to VARC-2 criteria were collected from clinical records.
Results: The criteria of elevated biomarkers and of signs or symptoms were found in 27 ( 22%) and 32 ( 26%) of the patients, respectively. According to VARC-2 definition, 12 (10%) had MI. VARC-2 definition of MI, Troponin T (TnT) >600 ng/L, and presence of signs or symptoms correlated with 6 month mortality, prolonged ICU stay, elevation of N-terminal prohormone brain natriuretic peptide, and renal impairment. No signs or symptoms were found in 7 (4 4%) of the patients who fulfilled the criterion of elevated TnT>600 ng/L. In the group with positive TnT criterion, there were no significant differences between those with and without signs or symptoms in respect to levels of TnT (1014 [585-1720] ng/L versus 704 [515-905] ng/L, p=0.17) or creatine kinase-MB ( 36 [25-52] μg/L versus 29 [25-39] μg/L, p=0.32). In the multiple logistic regression model, TnT>600 ng/L turned out as the only independent variable associated with 6-month mortality, OR 7.89 (95% CI 2.21-28.1, p = 0.001).
Conclusion: Myocardial injury in TAVI, measured with TnT, correlates well with adverse procedural outcome. The additional requirement of signs or symptoms for the diagnosis of MI results in omission of a considerable number of clinically significant MI.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. 30-30 p.
Cardiac and Cardiovascular Systems
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-124325OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-124325DiVA: diva2:897842
7th joint Scandinavian Conference in Cardiothoracic Surgery,Bergen, Norway, 3-5 September 2015