Reading deficits in very low birthweight children are associated withvocabulary and attention issues at the age of seven
2016 (English)In: Acta Paediatrica, ISSN 0803-5253, E-ISSN 1651-2227, Vol. 105, no 1, 60-68 p.Article in journal (Refereed) PublishedText
AimThis Swedish study compared reading skills between seven-year-old children with a very low birthweight (VLBW) and controls with a normal birthweight, exploring associations between reading variables and cognition, parent-rated behaviour, perinatal factors and family factors. MethodsWe studied 51 VLBW children, with no major neurodevelopmental impairments and attending their first year at a regular school, and compared them with the 51 sex- and age-matched controls. The test battery, carried out at 7.80.4years of age, included reading skills, the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children - III and the Child Behaviour Checklist. ResultsVery low birthweight children with a mean birthweight of 1105g (+/- 291g) and a gestational age of 28.8 (+/- 2.2) weeks scored significantly lower in all reading subtests and cognition and demonstrated more behavioural problems than normal birthweight controls. We also found significant associations between poor vocabulary, combined with attention problems, and phonological awareness, rapid naming and spelling control. Perinatal factors had no association with reading function, and socio-economic factors had very few. ConclusionVery low birthweight children demonstrated deficits in all reading domains and had poorer cognition and more behavioural problems at the age of seven, with reading ability related to vocabulary and attention.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Wiley-Blackwell, 2016. Vol. 105, no 1, 60-68 p.
Behavioural problems; Parental factors; Reading ability; School children; Very low birthweight
Clinical Medicine Educational Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-124471DOI: 10.1111/apa.13094ISI: 000367728500022PubMedID: 26098907OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-124471DiVA: diva2:899760
Funding Agencies|Medical Research Council of Southeast Sweden; Futurum - The Academy of Health Care; Jonkoping County Council; Ostergotland County Council; Linkoping University2016-02-022016-02-012016-02-17Bibliographically approved