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Proficiency of individuals with autism spectrum disorder at disembedding figures: A systematic review
Curtin University, Australia.
Curtin University, Australia.
Curtin University, Australia; Jonköping University, Sweden.
Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Division of Community Medicine. Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences. Region Östergötland, Anaesthetics, Operations and Specialty Surgery Center, Pain and Rehabilitation Center. Curtin University, Australia; La Trobe University, Australia.
2016 (English)In: Developmental Neurorehabilitation, ISSN 1751-8423, E-ISSN 1751-8431, Vol. 19, no 1, 54-63 p.Article in journal (Refereed) PublishedText
Abstract [en]

Objective: This systematic review examines the proficiency and visual search strategies of individuals with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) while disembedding figures and whether they differ from typical controls and other comparative samples. Methods: Five databases, including Proquest, Psychinfo, Medline, CINAHL and Science Direct were used to identify published studies meeting the inclusion and exclusion criteria. Results: Twenty articles were included in the review, the majority of which matched participants by mental age. Outcomes discussed were time taken to identify targets, the number correctly identified, and fixation frequency and duration. Conclusions: Individuals with ASD perform at the same speed or faster than controls and other clinical samples. However, there appear to be no differences between individuals with ASD and controls for number of correctly identified targets. Only one study examined visual search strategies and suggests that individuals with ASD exhibit shorter first and final fixations to targets compared with controls.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
TAYLOR & FRANCIS INC , 2016. Vol. 19, no 1, 54-63 p.
Keyword [en]
Autism; autism spectrum disorder; disembedding; embedded figures; local-processing bias; weak central coherence
National Category
Basic Medicine
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-124468DOI: 10.3109/17518423.2014.888102ISI: 000367546800008PubMedID: 24649841OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-124468DiVA: diva2:899766
Available from: 2016-02-02 Created: 2016-02-01 Last updated: 2016-02-02

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Falkmer, Torbjörn
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Division of Community MedicineFaculty of Medicine and Health SciencesPain and Rehabilitation Center
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