Phase stability and physical properties of nanolaminated materials from first principles
2016 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
The MAX phase family is a set of nanolaminated, hexagonal materials typically comprised of three elements: a transition metal (M), an A-group element (A), and carbon and/or nitrogen (X). In this thesis, first-principles based methods have been used to investigate the phase stability and physical properties of a number of MAX and MAX-like phases.
Most theoretical work on MAX phase stability use the constraint of 0 K conditions, due to the very high computational cost of including temperature dependent effects such as lattice vibrations and electronic excitations for all relevant competing phases in the ternary or multinary chemical space. Despite this, previous predictions of the existence of new MAX phases have to a large extent been experimentally verified. In an attempt to provide a possible explanation for this consistency, and thus help strengthen the confidence in future predictions, we have calculated the temperature dependent phase stability of Tin+1AlCn, to date the most studied MAX phases. We show that both the electronic and vibrational contribution to the Gibbs free energies of the MAX phases are cancelled by the corresponding contributions to the Gibbs free energies of the competing phases. We further show that this is the case even when thermal expansion is considered.
We have also investigated the stability of two hypothetical MAX-like phases, V2Ga2C and (Mo1-xVx)2Ga2C, motivated by a search for ways to attain new two-dimensional MAX phase derivatives, so-called MXenes. We predict that it is possible to synthesize both phases. For x≤0.25, stability of (Mo1-xVx)2Ga2C is indicated for both ordered and disordered solid solutions on the M sublattice. For x=0.5 and x≥0.75, stability is only indicated for disordered solutions. The ordered solutions are stable at temperatures below 1000 K, whereas stabilization of the disordered solutions requires temperatures of up to 2100 K, depending on the V concentration.
Finally, we have investigated the electronic, vibrational, and magnetic properties of the recently synthesized MAX phase Mn2GaC. We show that the electronic band structure is anisotropic, and determine the bulk, shear, and Young’s modulus to be 157, 93, and 233 GPa, respectively, and Poisson’s ratio to be 0.25. We further predict the magnetic critical order-disorder temperature of Mn2GaC to be 660 K. We base the predictions on Monte Carlo simulations of a bilinear Heisenberg Hamiltonian constructed from magnetic exchange interaction parameters derived using two different supercell methods: the novel magnetic direct cluster averaging method (MDCA), and the Connolly-Williams method (CW). We conclude that CW is less computationally expensive than MDCA for chemically and topologically ordered phases such as Mn2GaC.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press, 2016. , 57 p.
Linköping Studies in Science and Technology. Dissertations, ISSN 0345-7524 ; 1742
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-124564DOI: 10.3384/diss.diva-124564ISBN: 978-91-7685-835-6 (Print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-124564DiVA: diva2:900124
2016-03-04, Planck, Fysikhuset, Campus Valla, Linköping, 09:30 (English)
Hickel, Tilmann, Dr.
Rosén, Johanna, Assistant ProfessorAlling, Björn, Dr.Dahlqvist, Martin, Dr.
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