End of Life Care for Patients Dying of Stroke: A Comparative Registry Study of Stroke and Cancer
2016 (English)In: PLoS ONE, ISSN 1932-6203, E-ISSN 1932-6203, Vol. 11, no 2, e0147694- p., 26845149Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Although stroke is a significant public health challenge and the need for palliative care has been emphasized for these patients, there is limited data on end-of-life care for patients dying from stroke.
To study the end-of-life care during the last week of life for patients who had died of stroke in terms of registered symptom, symptom management, and communication, in comparison with patients who had died of cancer.
This study is a retrospective, comparative registry study.
A retrospective comparative registry study was performed using data from a Swedish national quality register for end-of-life care based on WHO`s definition of Palliative care. Data from 1626 patients who had died of stroke were compared with data from 1626 patients who had died of cancer. Binary logistic analyses were used to calculate odds ratios, with 95% CI.
Compared to patients who was dying of cancer, the patients who was dying of stroke had a significantly higher prevalence of having death rattles registered, but a significantly lower prevalence of, nausea, confusion, dyspnea, anxiety, and pain. In addition, the stroke group had significantly lower odds ratios for health care staff not to know whether all these six symptoms were present or not. Patients who was dying of stroke had significantly lower odds ratio of having informative communication from a physician about the transition to end-of-life care and of their family members being offered bereavement follow-up.
The results indicate on differences in end-of-life care between patients dying of stroke and those dying from cancer. To improve the end-of-life care in clinical practice and ensure it has consistent quality, irrespective of diagnosis, education and implementation of palliative care principles are necessary.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
PUBLIC LIBRARY SCIENCE , 2016. Vol. 11, no 2, e0147694- p., 26845149
palliative care;stroke, end-of-life-care;
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-125282DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0147694ISI: 000369552800013PubMedID: 26845149OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-125282DiVA: diva2:904580
Funding agencies: Stroke Riksforbund [2012-00185]; Stahls stiftelse ; Forss 2016-02-192016-02-192016-03-09