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Self-ratings of everyday memory problems in patients with aquired brain injury - a tool for rehabilitation
Region Östergötland, Anaesthetics, Operations and Specialty Surgery Center, Department of Rehabilitation Medicine. Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences. Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences.
Region Östergötland, Anaesthetics, Operations and Specialty Surgery Center, Department of Rehabilitation Medicine. Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Division of Community Medicine. Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences.
Department of Clinical Sciences, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Division of Community Medicine. Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences. Region Östergötland, Anaesthetics, Operations and Specialty Surgery Center, Department of Rehabilitation Medicine.
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2015 (English)In: International Journal of Physical Medicine Rehabilitation, E-ISSN 2329-9096, Vol. 3, no 2Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Introduction: Memory problems are common in everyday life of patients with acquired brain injury (ABI). Some patients with ABI also have problems with self-monitoring/awareness. The ecological validity of neuropsychological tests for everyday life memory problems is questionable. Can self-report instruments supply complementary information? Aims: 1) To document the frequency/impact of self-reported memory problems in a sample of consecutive referrals of ABI patients using PEEM and REEM. 2) To characterize the instruments with respect to psychometrics and internal consistency. 3) To document differences in memory problem patterns for various kinds/localization of brain lesions, and associated anxiety/ depression symptoms. Methods: A descriptive retrospective study of consecutive referrals of ABI patients was performed. Ratings from the Evaluation of Everyday Memory (EEM), in a patient version (PEEM) and a version for relatives/proxies (REEM) were analysed as well as self-ratings of anxiety and depression. Results: The EEM instruments displayed good psychometric characteristics. The mean PEEM score were close to the tenth percentile of healthy controls. PEEM and REEM versions were strongly inter-correlated. Sex, age, and lesion characteristics did not matter much with one exception. Right-hemisphere lesion patients rated their memory problems significantly lower than the proxy, for all other lesions it was vice versa. Anxiety and depression symptoms were associated with memory problems.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. Vol. 3, no 2
Keyword [en]
Anosognosia; Anxiety; Brain injury; Clinical relevance;
National Category
Neurology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-125364DOI: 10.4172/2329-9096.1000258OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-125364DiVA: diva2:905042
Available from: 2016-02-21 Created: 2016-02-21 Last updated: 2016-04-25Bibliographically approved

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Samuelsson, Kersti
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Department of Rehabilitation MedicineDepartment of Medical and Health SciencesFaculty of Medicine and Health SciencesDivision of Community Medicine
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