The influence of female versus malespeakers’ voice on speech recognitionthresholds in noise: Effects of low and high-frequency hearing impairment
2015 (English)In: Speech, Language and Hearing, ISSN 2050-571X, Vol. 18, no 2, 84-90 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Purpose: To investigate the effect of female versus male speakers’ voice on the ability to recognize speech innoise in two groups of sensorineural hearing-impaired listeners, one group with impairment at lowfrequencies and the other at high frequencies.Method: Eight participants with high-frequency hearing impairments (Hf-HI) and seven with low-frequencyhearing impairments (Lf-HI) participated. Sixteen normal hearing (NH) participants served as reference.The sentences from the hearing in noise test, read by a female or a male speaker, were presentedmonaurally with a background noise. In an adaptive procedure, the mean speech recognition threshold,for 50% correctly recognized sentences, was calculated for the female and male voice and each test subject.Results: The Hf-HI group had significantly greater difference in signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) results betweenfemale and male voices. Irrespective of hearing impairment, the female voice required 2.1 dB better SNR.In addition, the NH group showed a small but significant difference in favor of the male voice.Conclusions: Results indicate that speaker gender matters for hearing impaired and NH individuals’ ability torecognize speech in noise.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
W.S. Maney & Son Ltd , 2015. Vol. 18, no 2, 84-90 p.
Fundamental frequency, Hearing impairment, Speech in noise, Hearing in noise test, Speech recognition threshold
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-125425DOI: 10.1179/2050572814Y.0000000053OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-125425DiVA: diva2:905681