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The influence of female versus malespeakers’ voice on speech recognitionthresholds in noise: Effects of low and high-frequency hearing impairment
Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Division of Neuro and Inflammation Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences.
Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Division of Neuro and Inflammation Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences. Region Östergötland, Anaesthetics, Operations and Specialty Surgery Center, Department of Otorhinolaryngology in Linköping.
Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Division of Neuro and Inflammation Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences.
Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Division of Neuro and Inflammation Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences. CLINTEC, Division of Speech and Language Pathology, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm; Speech and Language Pathology Clinic, Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-2208-0630
2015 (English)In: Speech, Language and Hearing, ISSN 2050-571X, Vol. 18, no 2, 84-90 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Purpose: To investigate the effect of female versus male speakers’ voice on the ability to recognize speech innoise in two groups of sensorineural hearing-impaired listeners, one group with impairment at lowfrequencies and the other at high frequencies.Method: Eight participants with high-frequency hearing impairments (Hf-HI) and seven with low-frequencyhearing impairments (Lf-HI) participated. Sixteen normal hearing (NH) participants served as reference.The sentences from the hearing in noise test, read by a female or a male speaker, were presentedmonaurally with a background noise. In an adaptive procedure, the mean speech recognition threshold,for 50% correctly recognized sentences, was calculated for the female and male voice and each test subject.Results: The Hf-HI group had significantly greater difference in signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) results betweenfemale and male voices. Irrespective of hearing impairment, the female voice required 2.1 dB better SNR.In addition, the NH group showed a small but significant difference in favor of the male voice.Conclusions: Results indicate that speaker gender matters for hearing impaired and NH individuals’ ability torecognize speech in noise.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
W.S. Maney & Son Ltd , 2015. Vol. 18, no 2, 84-90 p.
Keyword [en]
Fundamental frequency, Hearing impairment, Speech in noise, Hearing in noise test, Speech recognition threshold
National Category
Otorhinolaryngology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-125425DOI: 10.1179/2050572814Y.0000000053OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-125425DiVA: diva2:905681
Available from: 2016-02-23 Created: 2016-02-23 Last updated: 2016-04-24Bibliographically approved

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Larsby, BirgittaHällgren, MathiasMcAllister, Anita
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Division of Neuro and Inflammation ScienceFaculty of Medicine and Health SciencesDepartment of Otorhinolaryngology in Linköping
Otorhinolaryngology

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