Factors associated with pain and disability reduction following exercise interventions in chronic whiplash
2016 (English)In: European Journal of Pain, ISSN 1090-3801, E-ISSN 1532-2149, Vol. 20, no 2, 307-315 p.Article in journal (Refereed) PublishedText
BackgroundSome studies support the prescription of exercise for people with whiplash-associated disorders (WAD); however, the response is highly variable. Further research is necessary to identify factors which predict response. MethodsThis is a secondary analysis of a randomized, multicentre controlled clinical trial of 202 volunteers with chronic WAD (grades 2 and 3). They received either neck-specific exercise with, or without a behavioural approach, or prescription of physical activity for 12weeks. Treatment response, defined as a clinical important reduction in pain or disability, was registered after 3 and 12months, and factors associated with treatment response were explored using logistic regression. ResultsParticipation in the neck-specific exercise group was the only significant factor associated with both neck pain and neck disability reduction both at 3 and 12months. Patients in this group had up to 5.3 times higher odds of disability reduction and 3.9 times higher odds of pain reduction compared to those in the physical activity group. Different baseline features were identified as predictors of response depending on the time point examined and the outcome measure selected (pain vs. disability). ConclusionFactors associated with treatment response after exercise interventions differ in the short and long term and differ depending on whether neck pain or disability is considered as the primary outcome. Participation in a neck-specific exercise intervention, in contrast to general physical activity, was the only factor that consistently indicated higher odds of treatment success. These results support the prescription of neck-specific exercise for individuals with chronic WAD.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
WILEY-BLACKWELL , 2016. Vol. 20, no 2, 307-315 p.
Health Sciences Medical and Health Sciences Physiotherapy
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-125302DOI: 10.1002/ejp.729ISI: 000368819500016PubMedID: 26031995OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-125302DiVA: diva2:906379
Funding Agencies|Swedish government through the REH-SAM Foundation; Clinical Research of Ostergotland Council; Clinical Research of Sormland County Council; Medical Research Council of Southeast Sweden; Uppsala-O rebro Regional Research Council Sweden; Swedish Research Council2016-02-242016-02-192016-05-04