Reduced venous compliance: an important determinant for orthostatic intolerance in women with vasovagal syncope
2016 (English)In: American Journal of Physiology. Regulatory Integrative and Comparative Physiology, ISSN 0363-6119, E-ISSN 1522-1490, Vol. 310, no 3, R253-R261 p.Article in journal (Refereed) PublishedText
The influence of lower limb venous compliance on orthostatic vasovagal syncope (VVS) is uncertain. The most widespread technique to calculate venous compliance uses a nonphysiological quadratic regression equation. Our aim was therefore to construct a physiologically derived venous wall model (VWM) for calculation of calf venous compliance and to determine the effect of venous compliance on tolerance to maximal lower body negative pressure (LBNP). Venous occlusion plethysmography was used to study calf volume changes in 15 women with VVS (25.5 +/- 1.3 yr of age) and 15 controls (22.8 +/- 0.8 yr of age). The fit of the VWM and the regression equation to the experimentally induced pressure-volume curve was examined. Venous compliance was calculated as the derivative of the modeled pressure-volume relationship. Graded LBNP to presyncope was used to determine the LBNP tolerance index (LTI). The VWM displayed a better fit to the experimentally induced pressure-volume curve (P < 0.0001). Calf blood pooling was similar in the groups and was not correlated to the LTI (r = 0.204, P = 0.30). Venous compliance was significantly reduced at low venous pressures in women with VVS (P = 0.042) and correlated to the LTI (r = 0.459, P = 0.014) in the low pressure range. No correlation was found between venous compliance at high venous pressures and the LTI. In conclusion, the new VWM accurately adopted the curvilinear pressure-volume curve, providing a valid characterization of venous compliance. Reduced venous compliance at low venous pressures may adversely affect mobilization of peripheral venous blood to the central circulation during hypovolemic circulatory stress in women with VVS.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
AMER PHYSIOLOGICAL SOC , 2016. Vol. 310, no 3, R253-R261 p.
vasovagal syncope; orthostatic intolerance; venous compliance; venous capacitance
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-125296DOI: 10.1152/ajpregu.00362.2015ISI: 000369058900005PubMedID: 26561647OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-125296DiVA: diva2:906401
Funding Agencies|Futurum-The Academy of Health Care; Jonkoping County Council; Medical Research Council of Southeast Sweden; Heart and Lung Foundation2016-02-242016-02-192016-04-08