Effects of high and low 17 beta-estradiol doses on focal cerebral ischemia in rats
2016 (English)In: Scientific Reports, ISSN 2045-2322, E-ISSN 2045-2322, Vol. 6, no 20228Article in journal (Refereed) PublishedText
The majority of the numerous animal studies of the effects of estrogens on cerebral ischemia have reported neuroprotective results, but a few have shown increased damage. Differences in hormone administration methods, resulting in highly different 17 beta-estradiol levels, may explain the discrepancies in previously reported effects. The objective of the present study was to test the hypothesis that it is the delivered dose per se, and not the route and method of administration, that determines the effect, and that high doses are damaging while lower doses are protective. One hundred and twenty ovariectomized female Wistar rats (n = 40 per group) were randomized into three groups, subcutaneously administered different doses of 17 beta-estradiol and subjected to transient middle cerebral artery occlusion. The modified sticky tape test was performed after 24 h and the rats were subsequently sacrificed for infarct size measurements. In contrast to our hypothesis, a significant negative correlation between 17 beta-estradiol dose and infarct size was found (p = 0.018). Thus, no support was found for the hypothesis that 17 beta-estradiol can be both neuroprotective and neurotoxic merely depending on dose. In fact, on the contrary, the findings indicate that the higher the dose of 17 beta-estradiol, the smaller the infarct.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
NATURE PUBLISHING GROUP , 2016. Vol. 6, no 20228
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IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-125674DOI: 10.1038/srep20228ISI: 000369323500001PubMedID: 26839007OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-125674DiVA: diva2:908480
Funding Agencies|County Council of Ostergotland, Sweden2016-03-022016-02-292016-03-29