Welfare States and Quality of Later Life: Distributions and Predictions in a Comparative Perspective
2009 (English)In: European Journal of Ageing, ISSN 1613-9372, E-ISSN 1613-9380, Vol. 6, no 2, 67-78 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Demographic transitions are a driver of social change and societal ageing influences the resources and chances in life of different age groups. As a contribution to the debate on (potential) results of the transformation of social security in ageing societies, the impact of social security systems on distributions of quality of life in later life is discussed. Quality of life is introduced as a helpful concept to answer the paper’s research questions: How are levels of quality of life in later life and the variability of objective and subjective quality of life indicators related to welfare state arrangements? What is the relevance of social structure indicators for this variability, how is it related to old age security, and what can be learned for the perspectives of current debates on equity and social security reforms? In a comparative perspective employing Esping-Andersen’s welfare regime typology, three basic hypotheses are thoroughly tested: the ‘hypothesis of (relative) levels’, the ‘distribution hypothesis’ and the ‘social structure hypothesis’. The analyses apply micro data from ten countries. While most of them are included in the first wave of the international comparative research project SHARE, data for England come from the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing. Descriptive analyses as well as multivariate models prove an interconnection between welfare state systems and quality of life indicators but not all three hypotheses can be fully confirmed. Social policy implications of these findings are discussed and a basis for extended future analyses is outlined.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2009. Vol. 6, no 2, 67-78 p.
Ageing, Inequality, Gerontology, Generation, Cohort, Quality of Life
Social Work Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-125858DOI: 10.1007/s10433-009-0112-1OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-125858DiVA: diva2:909308