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Perception of impairments by patients with heart failure.
Department of Cardiology, University Medical Center Groningen, University of Groningen, the Netherlands .
Department of Epidemiology, University Medical Center Groningen, University of Groningen, the Netherlands.
Department of Cardiology, University Medical Center Groningen, University of Groningen, the Netherlands.
Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Division of Health, Activity and Care. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
2016 (English)In: European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing, ISSN 1474-5151, E-ISSN 1873-1953, Vol. 15, no 2, 178-185 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

BACKGROUND: One of the major aims in the treatment of patients with heart failure (HF) is symptom relief and an improvement in the health-related quality of life (HR-QoL). The perception of impairments due to HF may differ between patients. A knowledge of the prevalence and perceived harshness of impairments due to HF is essential in providing personalized care on a patient level, in optimizing care on a population level and in finding the most appropriate patient-reported outcome for clinical trials.

AIM: The aim of this study was to explore the prevalence and perceived harshness of impairments due to HF and the relation between perceived harshness and HR-QoL in patients with HF.

METHODS AND RESULTS: The prevalence of impairments due to HF was assessed using items of the Minnesota Living with Heart Failure Questionnaire and the degree of perceived harshness was assessed using a structured self-assessment. A total of 100 outpatients (mean±SD age 70±9 years, 71% men) from an HF outpatient clinic were included. The prevalence of impairments was between 18 and 77%. The most prevalent impairments included tiredness and impairments in physical activity. Impairments that were frequently perceived as severely harsh included tiredness (67%), dyspnoea (57%) and impairments in physical activity (55%). Corrected item-total correlation (range 0.10-0.59) showed that tiredness (r=0.54) and impairments related to resting (r=0.59) and to participation in physical (r=0.52) and social (r=0.55) activities contributed highly to the sum-score of the Minnesota Living with Heart Failure Questionnaire.

CONCLUSION: Highly prevalent impairments are not by definition perceived as severely harsh by patients with HF and do not contribute to the overall HR-QoL except for the impairments tiredness and working around the house/yard. These insights are important in providing personalized and optimized care for patients with HF.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sage Publications, 2016. Vol. 15, no 2, 178-185 p.
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-125915DOI: 10.1177/1474515115621194ISI: 000373286900010PubMedID: 26655792OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-125915DiVA: diva2:910034
Note

Funding agencies:  Dutch Ministry of Health, Welfare, and Sport

Available from: 2016-03-08 Created: 2016-03-08 Last updated: 2016-05-13Bibliographically approved

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The full text will be freely available from 2016-12-11 17:44
Available from 2016-12-11 17:44

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Jaarsma, Tiny
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