Responsiveness of platelets during storage studied with flow cytometry - formation of platelet subpopulations and LAMP-1 as new markers for the platelet storage lesion
2016 (English)In: Vox Sanguinis, ISSN 0042-9007, E-ISSN 1423-0410, Vol. 110, no 2, 116-125 p.Article in journal (Refereed) PublishedText
Background and ObjectivesStorage lesions may prevent transfused platelets to respond to agonists and arrest bleeding. The aim of this study was to evaluate and quantify the capacity of platelet activation during storage using flow cytometry and new markers of platelet activation. Materials and MethodsActivation responses of platelets prepared by apheresis were measured on days 1, 5, 7 and 12. In addition, comparisons were made for platelet concentrates stored until swirling was affected. Lysosome-associated membrane protein-1 (LAMP-1), P-selectin and phosphatidylserine (PS) exposure were assessed by flow cytometry on platelets in different subpopulations in resting state or following stimulation with platelet agonists (cross-linked collagen-related peptide (CRP-XL), PAR1- and PAR4-activating peptides). ResultsThe ability to form subpopulations upon activation was significantly decreased already at day 5 for some agonist combinations. The agonist-induced exposure of PS and LAMP-1 also gradually decreased with time. Spontaneous exposure of P-selectin and PS increased with time, while spontaneous LAMP-1 exposure was unchanged. In addition, agonist-induced LAMP-1 expression clearly discriminated platelet concentrates with reduced swirling from those with retained swirling. This suggests that LAMP-1 could be a good marker to capture changes in activation capacity in stored platelets. ConclusionThe platelet activation potential seen as LAMP-1 exposure and fragmentation into platelet subpopulations is potential sensitive markers for the platelet storage lesion.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
WILEY-BLACKWELL , 2016. Vol. 110, no 2, 116-125 p.
apheresis; haemostasis; platelet concentrates; platelet function; platelet transfusion
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-126141DOI: 10.1111/vox.12324ISI: 000370657500002PubMedID: 26389538OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-126141DiVA: diva2:912023
Funding Agencies|Region Ostergotland; Linkoping University through the LiU Research Fellows program2016-03-152016-03-152016-05-04