Stiffness, strength and adhesion characterization of electrochemically deposited conjugated polymer films
2016 (English)In: Acta Biomaterialia, ISSN 1742-7061, E-ISSN 1878-7568, Vol. 31, 114-121 p.Article in journal (Refereed) PublishedText
Conjugated polymers such as poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiphene) (PEDOT) are of interest for a variety of applications including interfaces between electronic biomedical devices and living tissue. The mechanical properties, strength, and adhesion of these materials to solid substrates are all vital for long-term applications. We have been developing methods to quantify the mechanical properties of conjugated polymer thin films. In this paper, the stiffness, strength and the interfacial shear strength (adhesion) of electrochemically deposited PEDOT and PEDOT-co-1,3,5-tri[2-(3,4-ethylene dioxythienyl)]-benzene (EPh) were studied. The estimated Youngs modulus of the PEDOT films was 2.6 +/- 1.4 GPa, and the strain to failure was around 2%. The tensile strength was measured to be 56 +/- 27 MPa. The effective interfacial shear strength was estimated with a shear-lag model by measuring the crack spacing as a function of film thickness. For PEDOT on gold/palladium-coated hydrocarbon film substrates an interfacial shear strength of 0.7 +/- 0.3 MPa was determined. The addition of 5 mole% of a tri-functional EDOT crosslinker (EPh) increased the tensile strength of the films to 283 +/- 67 MPa, while the strain to failure remained about the same (2%). The effective interfacial shear strength was increased to 2.4 +/- 0.6 MPa. Statement of significance This paper describes methods for estimating the ultimate mechanical properties of electrochemically deposited conjugated polymer (here PEDOT and PEDOT copolymers) films. Of particular interest and novelty is our implementation of a cracking test to quantify the shear strength of the PEDOT thin films on these solid substrates. There is considerable interest in these materials as interfaces between biomedical devices and living tissue, however potential mechanisms and modes of failure are areas of continuing concern, and establishing methods to quantify the strengths of these interfaces are therefore of particular current interest. We are confident that these results will be useful to the broader biological materials community and are worthy of broader dissemination. (C) 2015 Acta Materialia Inc. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
ELSEVIER SCI LTD , 2016. Vol. 31, 114-121 p.
Youngs modulus; Tensile strength; Adhesion; Electrochemical polymerization; Poly(3, 4-ethylenedioxythiophene); Crosslinked PEDOT; Neural interface materials
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-126135DOI: 10.1016/j.actbio.2015.11.018ISI: 000370086100010PubMedID: 26607768OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-126135DiVA: diva2:912052
Funding Agencies|Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) MTO under Space and Naval Warfare Systems Center [N66001-11-C-4190]; National Institutes of Health2016-03-152016-03-152016-03-15