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Prevalence of risk factors for cardiovascular disease stratified by body mass index categories in patients with wheelchair-dependent paraplegia after spinal cord injury.
Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Rehabilitation Medicine, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden..
Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Rehabilitation Medicine, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden.
Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Rehabilitation Medicine, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden.
Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Rehabilitation Medicine, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden.
2012 (English)In: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine, ISSN 1650-1977, E-ISSN 1651-2081, Vol. 44, no 5, 440-443 p.Article in journal (Refereed) PublishedText
Abstract [en]

Objective: To assess risk factors for cardiovascular disease at different body mass index values in persons with wheelchair-dependent paraplegia after spinal cord injuries.andlt;br /andgt;Design: Cross-sectional study.andlt;br /andgt;Subjects: A total of 135 individuals, age range 18-79 years, with chronic (≥ 1 year) post-traumatic paraplegia.andlt;br /andgt;Methods: Body mass index was stratified into 6 categorical groups. Cardiovascular disease risk factors for hypertension, diabetes mellitus and a serum lipid profile were analysed and reported by body mass index category.andlt;br /andgt;Results: More than 80% of the examined participants had at least one cardiovascular disease risk factor irrespective of body mass index level. Hypertension was highly prevalent, especially in men. Dyslipidaemia was common at all body mass index categories in both men and women.andlt;br /andgt;Conclusion: Higher body mass index values tended to associate with more hypertension and diabetes mellitus, whereas dyslipidaemia was prevalent across all body mass index categories. Studies that intervene to reduce weight and or percentage body fat should be performed to determine the effect on reducing modifiable cardiovascular disease risk factors.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Foundation of Rehabilitation Information , 2012. Vol. 44, no 5, 440-443 p.
National Category
Geriatrics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-126316DOI: 10.2340/16501977-0964PubMedID: 22549653OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-126316DiVA: diva2:913661
Available from: 2016-03-22 Created: 2016-03-22 Last updated: 2016-04-08

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Levi, Richard
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