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the Speech recognition under adverse listening conditions in young normally-hearing listeners
Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Technical Audiology. Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences. (Linnaeus Centre HEAD)ORCID iD: 0000-0002-0369-3354
Region Östergötland, Anaesthetics, Operations and Specialty Surgery Center, Department of Otorhinolaryngology in Linköping. Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Division of Neuro and Inflammation Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences.
Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Disability Research. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Region Östergötland, Anaesthetics, Operations and Specialty Surgery Center, Department of Otorhinolaryngology in Linköping. (Linnaeus Centre HEAD,)ORCID iD: 0000-0002-0624-2495
Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Technical Audiology. Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences. (Linnaeus Centre HEAD,)
2015 (English)In: Third International Conference on Cognitive Hearing Science for Communication, Linköping, 14-17 June, 2015. Sweden., 2015Conference paper, Poster (with or without abstract) (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

In the present study we aimed to investigate individual differences in cognitive inhibition, WMC, and how they relate to performance on a speech-recognition-in-noise task. Sixteen young normally-hearing individuals were presented with a cognitive test battery, as well as a sentence corpus masked by 5 different maskers, targeting 80% speech-recognition. One masker was a slightly modulated (10%) speech-shaped noise (SSN), 2 maskers were constructed by modulating the SSN with the envelopes from a single female talker, and the international speech test signal (ISTS). We also masked the target sentences with the ISTS, and a single female talker reading a passage in a Swedish newspaper. Our results showed that cognitive inhibition is significantly related to performance when maskers with meaningful, semantic information is used. The results further indicate that young normally-hearing individuals can take advantage of temporal and spectral dips to fill in missing information. Our findings suggest that choice of speech material is of importance for the outcome in speech-recognition-in-noise tasks. We further propose that tasks of cognitive inhibition can be used to predict performance in a speech-recognition task.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015.
National Category
Psychology (excluding Applied Psychology)
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-126357OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-126357DiVA: diva2:913851
Conference
Third International Conference on Cognitive Hearing Science for Communication 14-17 June, 2015. Sweden.
Projects
Tal som störning vid språklig kommunikation
Funder
Swedish Research Council, 8723111202
Available from: 2016-03-22 Created: 2016-03-22 Last updated: 2016-04-11Bibliographically approved

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Poster(288 kB)30 downloads
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Stenbäck, VictoriaHällgren, MathiasLyxell, BjörnLarsby, Birgitta

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Stenbäck, VictoriaHällgren, MathiasLyxell, BjörnLarsby, Birgitta
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Technical AudiologyFaculty of Medicine and Health SciencesDepartment of Otorhinolaryngology in LinköpingDivision of Neuro and Inflammation ScienceDisability ResearchFaculty of Arts and Sciences
Psychology (excluding Applied Psychology)

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

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Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
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  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf