Treatment of nulliparous women with severe fear of childbirth via the Internet: a feasibility study
2016 (English)In: Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics and Gynaecology, ISSN 0167-482X, E-ISSN 1743-8942, Vol. 37, no 2, 37-43 p.Article in journal (Refereed) PublishedText
Objective: The aim of the present study was to test the feasibility of Internet interventions among nulliparous women suffering from severe fear of childbirth (FOC) by means of an Internet-delivered therapist-supported self-help program based on cognitive behavioral therapy (ICBT).
Design: Prospective, longitudinal cohort study.Setting: A feasibility study of an ICBT program for the treatment of severe FOC in pregnant women.Sample: Twenty-eight Swedish-speaking nulliparous women with severe FOC recruited via a project home page from January 2012 to December 2013.
Methods: The main components of the ICBT program for the treatment of severe FOC comprised psycho-education, breathing retraining, cognitive restructuring, imaginary exposure, in vivo exposure and relapse prevention. The study participants were anonymously self-recruited over the Internet, interviewed by telephone and then enrolled. All participants were offered 8 weeks of treatment via the Internet. Participants reported their homework weekly, submitted measurements of their fear and received feedback from a therapist via a secure online contact management system.
Main outcome measures: Level of FOC measured with the Wijma Delivery Expectancy/Experience Questionnaire (W-DEQ A) during screening at enrollment and weekly during the treatment (W-DEQ version A), and after the delivery (W-DEQ version B).
Results: A statistically significant (pâ<â0.0005) decrease of FOC [W-DEQ sum score decreased pre to post-therapy, with a large effect size (Cohenâs dâ=â0.95)].Conclusions: The results of this feasibility study suggest that ICBT has potential in the treatment of severe FOC during pregnancy in motivated nulliparous women. The results need to be confirmed by randomized controlled studies.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2016. Vol. 37, no 2, 37-43 p.
Clinical Medicine Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Medicine
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-126491DOI: 10.3109/0167482X.2016.1140143ISI: 000372410100001PubMedID: 26918752OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-126491DiVA: diva2:915184
Funding agencies: Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare (FORTE); Medical Research Council of Southeast Sweden (FORSS); County Council in Ostergotland (LIO)2016-03-292016-03-292016-05-31Bibliographically approved