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Exploring prehospital C2-work during a mass gathering event
Linköping University, Department of Computer and Information Science, Human-Centered systems. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-5943-0679
Linköping University, Department of Computer and Information Science, Human-Centered systems. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.
Institute of Health and Care Sciences, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
Prehospital and Disaster Medicine Centre, Sahlgrenska Academy, Gothenburg, Sweden.
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2015 (English)In: International Journal of Emergency Services, ISSN 2047-0894, E-ISSN 2047-0908, Vol. 4, no 2, 227-241 p.Article in journal (Refereed) PublishedText
Abstract [en]

Purpose– The purpose of this paper is to explore the workload and shared workload awareness in a staff performing command and control (C2) work during a planned major incident (MI) empirical case in Sweden. Design/methodology/approach– Data on workload and shared awareness were collected during live C2-work using qualitative observations and in-situ interviews mixed with quantitative questionnaires. Findings– A content analysis of the qualitative data revealed categories of workload sources. Quantified workload estimates showed changes in workload levels over time and staff roles, which were also contextualized using the results of the qualitative data. Data on shared awareness indicated that team workload awareness shifted over time according to common patterns. This study demonstrates a promising methodology to study C2-related factors during live EMS work. Research limitations/implications– The observed variations in workload imply that research that relies only on post-task measurements of workload may be inaccurate. Future research could use this method to investigate the connection between workload and performance during different types of MIs. Originality/value– The results can be used to inform future Göteborgsvarvet C2-teams in terms of when, why, and for whom task load changes, which would support predictive allocation of resources.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Emerald Group Publishing Limited, 2015. Vol. 4, no 2, 227-241 p.
Keyword [en]
Emergency response, Mixed methods, Command and control, Mass gathering, Mental workload, Shared awareness
National Category
Pedagogical Work
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-126628DOI: 10.1108/IJES-04-2015-0016OAI: diva2:915952
Available from: 2016-03-31 Created: 2016-03-31 Last updated: 2016-06-01Bibliographically approved

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Prytz, Erik G.Rybing, JonasJonson, Carl-Oscar
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Human-Centered systemsFaculty of Science & EngineeringDivision of Clinical SciencesFaculty of Medicine and Health SciencesCentre for Teaching and Research in Disaster Medicine and Traumatology
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Pedagogical Work

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