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Resolvin D1 protects against inflammation in experimental acute pancreatitis and associated lung injury
Sichuan University, Peoples R China.
Sichuan University, Peoples R China.
Sichuan University, Peoples R China.
Sichuan University, Peoples R China.
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2016 (English)In: American Journal of Physiology - Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology, ISSN 0193-1857, E-ISSN 1522-1547, Vol. 310, no 5, G303-G309 p.Article in journal (Refereed) PublishedText
Abstract [en]

Acute pancreatitis is an inflammatory condition that may lead to multisystemic organ failure with considerable mortality. Recently, resolvin D1 (RvD1) as an endogenous anti-inflammatory lipid mediator has been confirmed to protect against many inflammatory diseases. This study was designed to investigate the effects of RvD1 in acute pancreatitis and associated lung injury. Acute pancreatitis varying from mild to severe was induced by cerulein or cerulein combined with LPS, respectively. Mice were pretreated with RvD1 at a dose of 300 ng/mouse 30 min before the first injection of cerulein. Severity of AP was assessed by biochemical markers and histology. Serum cytokines and myeloperoxidase (MPO) levels in pancreas and lung were determined for assessing the extent of inflammatory response. NF-kappa B activation was determined by Western blotting. The injection of cerulein or cerulein combined with LPS resulted in local injury in the pancreas and corresponding systemic inflammatory changes with pronounced severity in the cerulein and LPS group. Pretreated RvD1 significantly reduced the degree of amylase, lipase, TNF-alpha, and IL-6 serum levels; the MPO activities in the pancreas and the lungs; the pancreatic NF-kappa B activation; and the severity of pancreatic injury and associated lung injury, especially in the severe acute pancreatitis model. These results suggest that RvD1 is capable of improving injury of pancreas and lung and exerting anti-inflammatory effects through the inhibition of NF-kappa B activation in experimental acute pancreatitis, with more notable protective effect in severe acute pancreatitis. These findings indicate that RvD1 may constitute a novel therapeutic strategy in the management of severe acute pancreatitis.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
AMER PHYSIOLOGICAL SOC , 2016. Vol. 310, no 5, G303-G309 p.
Keyword [en]
acute pancreatitis; resolvin D1; inflammation; nuclear factor-kappa B; lung injury
National Category
Clinical Medicine
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-126827DOI: 10.1152/ajpgi.00355.2014ISI: 000371303400002PubMedID: 26702138OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-126827DiVA: diva2:917667
Note

Funding Agencies|National Natural Science Fund of China (NSFC key project) [30830100, 81170439, 81470886, 81500486]; Scientific Research Foundation for the Returned Overseas Chinese Scholars, State Education Ministry [20101174-4-2]

Available from: 2016-04-07 Created: 2016-04-05 Last updated: 2016-04-28

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Sun, Xiao-Feng
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Division of Clinical SciencesFaculty of Medicine and Health SciencesDepartment of Oncology
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