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Using Crowdsourced Online Experiments to Study Context-dependency of Behavior
Munich, Germany.
Munich, Germany.
Munich, Germany.
2016 (English)In: Social Science Research, ISSN 0049-089X, E-ISSN 1096-0317Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

We use Mechanical Turk’s diverse participant pool to conduct online bargaining games in Indiaand the US. First, we assess internal validity of crowdsourced experimentation through variation of stakes ($0, $1, $4, and $10) in the Ultimatum and Dictator Game. For cross-country equivalence we adjust the stakes following differences in purchasing power. Our marginal totals correspond closely to laboratory findings. Monetary incentives induce more selfish behavior but, in line with most laboratory findings, the particular size of a positive stake appears irrelevant. Second, by transporting a homogeneous decision situation into various living conditions crowdsourced experimentation permits identification of context effects on elicited behavior. We explore context dependency using session-level variation in participants’ geographical location, regional affluence, and local social capital. Across “virtual pools” behavior varies in the range of stake effects. We argue that quasi-experimental variation of the characteristics people bring to the experimental situation is the key potential of crowdsourced online designs.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2016.
Keyword [en]
Experimental sociology, context effects, cross-country equivalence, dictator game, ultimatum game, raising the stakes, Mechanical Turk
National Category
Cultural Studies
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-126950DOI: 10.1016/j.ssresearch.2016.04.014OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-126950DiVA: diva2:917956
Available from: 2016-04-08 Created: 2016-04-08 Last updated: 2016-05-31

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The full text will be freely available from 2017-04-12 13:12
Available from 2017-04-12 13:12

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Keuschnigg, Marc
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ReferencesLink to record
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