This review article highlights the application of beneficial physico-chemical properties of ZnO nanostructures for the detection of wide range of biological compounds. As the medical diagnostics require accurate, fast and inexpensive biosensors, the advantages inherent optical methods of detection are considered. The crucial points of the immobilization process, responsible for biosensor performance (biomolecule adsorption, surface properties, surface defects role, surface functionalization etc.) along with the interaction mechanism between biomolecules and ZnO are disclosed. The latest achievements in surface plasmon resonance (SPR), surface enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS) and photoluminescence based biosensors along with novel trends in the development of ZnO biosensor platform are presented. (c) 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
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