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A comprehensive conceptual framework for road safety strategies
Curtin University, Australia.
Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Division of Community Medicine. Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences. Region Östergötland, Anaesthetics, Operations and Specialty Surgery Center, Pain and Rehabilitation Center. Swedish Rd and Transport Research Institute, S-58195 Linkoping, Sweden.
Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Division of Community Medicine. Linköping University, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences. Region Östergötland, Anaesthetics, Operations and Specialty Surgery Center, Pain and Rehabilitation Center. Curtin University, Australia; La Trobe University, Australia.
2016 (English)In: Accident Analysis and Prevention, ISSN 0001-4575, E-ISSN 1879-2057, Vol. 90, 13-28 p.Article in journal (Refereed) PublishedText
Abstract [en]

Road safety strategies (generally called Strategic Highway Safety Plans in the USA) provide essential guidance for actions to improve road safety, but often lack a conceptual framework that is comprehensive, systems theory based, and underpinned by evidence from research and practice. This paper aims to incorporate all components, policy tools by which they are changed, and the general interactions between them. A framework of nine mutually interacting components that contribute to crashes and ten generic policy tools which can be applied to reduce the outcomes of these crashes was developed and used to assess 58 road safety strategies from 22 countries across 15 years. The work identifies the policy tools that are most and least widely applied to components, highlighting the potential for improvements to any individual road safety strategy, and the potential strengths and weaknesses of road safety strategies in general. The framework also provides guidance for the development of new road safety strategies, identifying potential consequences of policy tool based measures with regard to exposure and risk, useful for both mobility and safety objectives. (C) 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD , 2016. Vol. 90, 13-28 p.
Keyword [en]
Crash; Factor; Plan; Road Safety; Strategy; System
National Category
Basic Medicine
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-127544DOI: 10.1016/j.aap.2016.01.017ISI: 000373536900002PubMedID: 26890077OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-127544DiVA: diva2:926225
Available from: 2016-05-04 Created: 2016-05-03 Last updated: 2016-05-04

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Anund, AnnaFalkmer, Torbjörn
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