Internet-provided cognitive behaviour therapy of posttraumatic stress symptoms following childbirthâa randomized controlled trial
2016 (English)In: Cognitive Behaviour Therapy, ISSN 1650-6073, E-ISSN 1651-2316, Vol. 45, no 4, 287-306 p.Article in journal (Refereed) PublishedText
The aim of this study was to analyse the effects of trauma-focused guided Internet-based cognitive behaviour therapy for relieving posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms following childbirth, a problem that about 3% women encounter postpartum. Following inclusion, 56 traumatized women were randomized to either treatment or to a waiting list control group. Primary outcome measures were the Traumatic Event Scale (TES) and Impact of Event Scale—Reversed (IES-R). Secondary measures were Beck depression inventory II, Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9), Beck Anxiety Inventory, Quality Of Life Inventory and the EuroQol 5 Dimensions. The treatment was guided by a clinician and lasted eight weeks and comprised eight modules of written text. The between-group effect size (ES) was d = .82 (p < .0001) for the IES-R. The ES for the TES was small (d = .36) and not statistically significant (p = .09). A small between-group ES (d = .20; p = .02) was found for the PHQ-9. The results from pre- to post-treatment showed large within-group ESs for PTSD symptoms in the treatment group both on the TES (d = 1.42) and the IES-R (d = 1.30), but smaller ESs in the control group from inclusion to after deferred treatment (TES, d = .80; IES-R d = .45). In both groups, the treatment had positive effects on comorbid depression and anxiety, and in the treatment group also on quality of life. The results need to be verified in larger trials. Further studies are also needed to examine long-term effects.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Routledge, 2016. Vol. 45, no 4, 287-306 p.
Childbirth; Internet-based cognitive behaviour therapy (ICBT); posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD); trauma-focused psychotherapy
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-127695DOI: 10.1080/16506073.2016.1169626ISI: 000379764500003PubMedID: 27152849OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-127695DiVA: diva2:926524
Funding agencies: Linkoping University (LiU) Department of Behavioral Sciences and Learning; Region Council in Ostergotland (RO)2016-05-092016-05-092016-08-06Bibliographically approved