Design, synthesis, linear and nonlinear photophysical properties of novel pyrimidine-based imidazole derivatives
2016 (English)In: New Journal of Chemistry, ISSN 1144-0546, E-ISSN 1369-9261, Vol. 40, no 4, 3456-3463 p.Article in journal (Refereed) PublishedText
Novel donor-pi-acceptor (D-pi-A) and donor-pi-acceptor-pi-donor (D-pi-A-pi-D) type pyrimidine imidazole derivatives with flexible ether chains (L1 and L2) have been efficiently synthesized through improved Knoevenagel condensation and Ullmann reactions with high yields. Based on systematic photophysical investigations and theoretical calculations, the structure-property relationships can be described as follows: (1) the linear and nonlinear optical properties of the target chromophores change regularly with increasing the number of branches and the polarity of the solvents. (2) The single-substituted chromophore L2 exhibited a remarkable negative solvato-kinetic effect, while the double-substituted chromophore L1 showed a positive solvato-kinetic effect. Significant bathochromic shifting of the emission spectra and larger Stokes shifts were observed in polar solvents. (3) The two-photon absorption (TPA) cross-section results further demonstrated that their TPA cross section values (delta) increase notably with increasing branch number, and the presence of high pi-delocalization could induce large size-scalable TPA enhancements. (4) By comprehensively considering the optical performance, cytotoxicity and solubility, L1 was identified as the better candidate for living cell (HepG2) imaging.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
ROYAL SOC CHEMISTRY , 2016. Vol. 40, no 4, 3456-3463 p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-127760DOI: 10.1039/c5nj02874dISI: 000373993600060OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-127760DiVA: diva2:927467
Funding Agencies|National Natural Science Foundation of China [21501001, 21271004, 51372003, 51432001, 21271003, 51072001, 81503009, 51272001]; National Key Basic Research Program 973 [2013CB632705]; Ministry of Education; Program for New Century Excellent Talents in University (China); Doctoral Program Foundation of Ministry of Education of China ; China Postdoctoral Science Foundation [2015M571912]; Swedish Research Council (VR) [621-2013-5357]; Swedish Government (SFO, MATLIU) in Advanced Functional Materials (AFM); Wenner-Gren Foundation2016-05-122016-05-122016-05-12