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Bridging capability gaps in technology transfers within related offsets
Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Manufacturing Engineering. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering. Saab Aeronautics.
Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology, Communications and Transport Systems. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering. (Bygglogistik)
Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Machine Design. Linköping University, Faculty of Science & Engineering.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-1646-5817
2016 (English)In: Journal of Manufacturing Technology Management, ISSN 1741-038X, E-ISSN 1758-7786, Vol. 27, no 5, 640-661 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to explore how capability gaps can be identified and how they can be dealt with in aircraft technology transfers in future offset deals.

Methodology – The study is based on lessons learned as identified from three case studies of technology transfers from Saab, a Swedish aircraft manufacturing company to South Africa, the Czech Republic, and India.

FindingsThe capability gap between sender and receiver has to be dealt with on two levels: on an organizational level; and on an individual level. It is proposed that the disseminative capacity constitutes the ability to assess the capability gap between the sender and receiver, and to convert this assessment to adaptations of the product and production process to include in an industrialization process. On the individual level, the capability-raising activities were connected to employees’ knowledge, Personal Development Plans for the transfer of explicit knowledge, as well as on-the-job training to facilitate the exchange of tacit knowledge.

Research limitations The research is based on case studies from one company.

Originality/value – The paper focuses on the context of offset and reports on actual experiences from a capability perspective of technology transfers within the aircraft manufacturing area. It proposes a structured way of identifying and bridging the capability gap within such transfers.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 27, no 5, 640-661 p.
Keyword [en]
Capability gap, industrialization process, capability growth, transfer process, related offset, aircraft industry
National Category
Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-128130DOI: 10.1108/JMTM-11-2015-0101OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-128130DiVA: diva2:929581
Note

Forthcoming

Available from: 2016-05-19 Created: 2016-05-19 Last updated: 2016-11-09Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Technology Transfer within Related Offset Business: From an Aircraft Production Perspective
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Technology Transfer within Related Offset Business: From an Aircraft Production Perspective
2016 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The aircraft industry is viewed as a prestigious industry by many countries. Emerging economies regard the establishment of aircraft production capabilities as contributing to their competitiveness and technological development. Therefore, in the defence aircraft industry, politics play a key role in competitiveness. Governments can strategically trade market access for technological development, often in the form of offset business. “Offset” is defined as an agreement in which a large system is bought and the seller assumes obligations that both benefit the buying nation and have long-term effects on the development of the buyer’s national industry. When the offset obligations are directly connected to the product or system sold, they are called “related offsets”. The realization of an offset agreement is in most cases including some form of technology transfer. Technology transfer is the transfer of technology from a sending company, to a receiving company, where it is implemented and adapted to use.

The empirical data presented in this thesis were gathered through six in-depth studies performed at the unit for aircraft production at the Swedish company Saab. The findings from the studies are presented in six appended papers. The objective of this thesis is to extend the current understanding of technology transfer realization connected to related offsets within the defence aircraft industry. The research objective is fulfilled through the addressing of two research questions. The first research question aims to identify factors that can have a major effect on technology transfer realization in the research context. As an answer to the first research question. Following factors were identified: Capability gaps, Knowledge transfer, The purpose of related offset business, Seller’s fulfilment of offset obligations before contract termination, Related offset business include hierarchical levels, Related offset work package identification to meet the buyer’s request, and Assessment of the receiver in two steps, and finally Cultural and communication challenges.

These factors set the basis for research question two. The second research question addresses how to manage future related offset technology transfer realization connected to aircraft production. As an answer to the second research question, a structured related offset process and facilitation tools for managing capability gaps between the sending and the receiving company was presented. The purpose of the suggested structure is to maintain the link between the negotiated related offset agreements and the employees, working to achieve the agreement within the realization of the technology transfer.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press, 2016. 116 p.
Series
Linköping Studies in Science and Technology. Dissertations, ISSN 0345-7524 ; 1785
Keyword
Related offset, technology transfer, capability growth, capability gap, knowledge transfer, production transfer, aircraft industry
National Category
Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics Business Administration
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-132405 (URN)10.3384/diss.diva-132405 (DOI)9789176856956 (ISBN)
Public defence
2016-11-11, C3, C-huset, Campus Valla, Linköing, 11:15 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Funder
VINNOVA
Available from: 2016-11-09 Created: 2016-11-09 Last updated: 2016-11-09Bibliographically approved

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