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Kärlek till droger eller begär efter kärlek: En litteraturstudie om erfarenheter av omvårdnad hos patienter med en beroendesjukdom
Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Division of Nursing Science.
Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Division of Nursing Science.
2016 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Love to drugs or craving for love : A literature review of experiences of nursing care in patients with addictive disorders (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Idag lever 425 000 människor med ett substansrelaterat beroende i Sverige. En stor andel av personerna lever med samtidiga somatiska sjukdomar vilket innebär att det är en patientgrupp som ofta förekommer inom somatisk sjukvård.

Syfte: Studiens syfte var att belysa erfarenheter av omvårdnad inom somatisk vård hos patienter med en substansrelaterad beroendesjukdom.

Design: En litteraturstudie genomfördes med systematisk ansats.

Metod: Litteratursökning utfördes i databaserna CINAHL, PsycINFO och PubMed vilket resulterade i elva artiklar med kvalitativ ansats. Artiklarna kvalitetsgranskades och materialet analyserades med inspiration från Graneheim och Lundmans (2004) innehållsanalys.

Resultat: Analys en mynnade ut i tre olika teman: respektlös behandling, vård på olika villkor och god omvårdnadsrelation. Huvudsakliga fynd visade att patienter upplevde personal som misstänksamma, skuldbeläggande samt Upplevt bristande engagemang. Resultatet visar på att patienter upplevde sig ha fått mottagaren annorlunda vård än andra patienter. Goda upplevelser manifesterades genom att personalen visade omtanke, bekräftade samt upprätthöll en personcentrerad omvårdnad.

Konklusion: Patienter med en substansrelaterad beroendesjukdom upplever sig i huvudsak bli respektlöst behandlade och särbehandla de gentemot övriga patienter inom vården. Förstärkt medvetande hos vårdpersonal krävs för att eliminera de stereotypa uppfattningarna och därmed skapa förutsättningar för en god vårdande relation.

Abstract [en]

Background: 425 000 people are today living with a substance-related addictive disorder in Sweden. A large percentage of these people also live with concurrent somatic diseases which means that this group of people often encounter the somatic health-care system.

Aim: The study aimed to highlight the experience of nursing in somatic care in patients with a substance-related addictive disorder.

Design: The study was conducted as a literature review with a systematic approach.

Method: The literature search was conducted through three databases: CINAHL, PsycINFO and PubMed, which resulted in eleven articles, all with a qualitative approach. The articles were checked for accuracy and the material was analyzed with inspiration from Graneheim and Lundmans (2004) concept analysis.

Findings: Three themes were identified: disrespectful treatment, care on different terms and good nursing relationship. Main findings revealed that the patients experienced nursing staff as suspicious, blaming and showing a lack of dedication. The result demonstrates that the patients with a substance-related addictive disorder received inferior care than other inpatients in the nursing wards. Good experiences were manifested by the staff showing concern, confirmation and maintained a person-centered care.

Conclusion: Inpatients with a substance-related addictive disorder tend to experience disrespected treatment and discrimination compared to other inpatients. Enhanced awareness is needed among health professionals to erase the stereotypical perceptions and by that create conditions for a good caring relationship.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. , 30 p.
Keyword [sv]
Erfarenheter, föreställningar, omvårdnad, somatisk vård, substansrelaterat beroende
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-128790OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-128790DiVA: diva2:931888
Subject / course
Degree Project in Nursing
Available from: 2016-06-03 Created: 2016-05-30 Last updated: 2016-06-03Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
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  • de-DE
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  • nn-NB
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