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Childrens Rights to Asylum and the Capability Approach
Linköping University, Department of Thematic Studies, Department of Child Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
2016 (English)In: Ethical Perspectives, ISSN 1370-0049, E-ISSN 1783-1431, Vol. 23, no 1, 101-130 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Resource type
Text
Abstract [en]

The prospect of large populations of children migrating across national borders raises urgent political and ethical questions about childrens rights to asylum. In recent years, there has been an increase in scholarly interest in migrating children and childrens rights, but this interest has thus far been scant in political theory. The present article uses the Capability Approach to discuss childrens rights to asylum and to examine the prospects and limitations of the approach in this context. It underlines that, despite a global consensus on the rights of the child, the political and ethical challenges to childrens rights to asylum cannot be reduced to a question of the implementation of universal rights or capabilities of children a matter of technicalities or mainstreaming of legislation. Instead, the question of childrens rights to asylum is a highly political and ethical matter, characterized by ambivalent conceptualizations of children and conflicting interests that continue to pose a considerable challenge to the organisation of the international political and legal system. The Capability Approach has the potential to fill a theoretical gap with regard to childrens interests and the setting of threshold levels, although it continues to wrestle with questions of how to confront the asylum-seeking child as a political subject within well-functioning democracies and how to determine a specific list of capabilities and corresponding duties in deliberation between the right to self-determination of nation states and universal entitlements of children.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
PEETERS , 2016. Vol. 23, no 1, 101-130 p.
Keyword [en]
Children; migration; asylum; Capability Approach; childrens rights
National Category
Other Social Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-128971DOI: 10.2143/EP.23.1.3141836ISI: 000375827100005OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-128971DiVA: diva2:934852
Available from: 2016-06-09 Created: 2016-06-07 Last updated: 2017-08-28
In thesis
1. Children at the Borders
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Children at the Borders
2016 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Alternative title[sv]
Barn vid gränserna
Abstract [en]

In the wake of a steady flow of child migrants attempting to cross borders and states’ efforts to restrict immigration, various public controversies have arisen about the rights of asylum-seeking children. The ‘moral gap’ between the outcome of democratically enacted laws and the aim of controlling immigration, on the one hand, and public calls to protect the universal rights of asylum seeking children, on the other, have created a political challenge for Western democracies. This thesis sets out to examine two particular settings in which norms about the rights of asylum-seeking children and immigration control have been established and contested over the years: the Swedish Migration Court of Appeal and Sweden’s largest morning paper, Dagens Nyheter. It combines empirically oriented analysis with theoretical enquiry, and it brings the issue of the rights of asylumseeking children into dialogue with the contemporary political-philosophical debate about membership, rights and borders.

Abstract [sv]

I kölvattnet av en stadig ström av barn som migrerar över statsgränser har medial rapportering, protester och offentliga diskussioner aktualiserat frågor om asylsökande barns rättigheter. Det ”moraliska glappet” mellan tillämpningen av demokratiskt stiftade lagar i syfte att reglera invandringen,å ena sidan, och offentliga krav på att skydda universella rättigheter för asylsökande barn, å andra sidan, har växt fram som en samtida utmaning för demokratiska stater att hantera. I denna avhandling undersöks två specifika arenor där normer om asylsökande barns rättigheter och immigrationskontroll har etablerats och ifrågasatts under de senaste åren; den svenska Migrationsöverdomstolen och Sveriges största morgontidning, Dagens Nyheter. Avhandlingen kombinerar empiriska analyser med teoretiska undersökningar om asylsökande barns rättigheter i dialog med en samtida politisk filosofisk diskussion om medlemskap, rättigheter och gränser.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press, 2016. 90 p.
Series
Linköping Studies in Arts and Science, ISSN 0282-9800 ; 706
Keyword
Children, Asylum, children’s rights, citizenship, right claims, socio-political practice, borders, migration, Barn, asyl, barns rättigheter, medborgarskap, rättighetsanspråk, socio-politisk praktik, gränser, migration
National Category
International Migration and Ethnic Relations Ethics Philosophy Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalization Studies) Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-133238 (URN)9789176856024 (ISBN)
Public defence
2017-01-20, TEMCAS, Hus Tema, Campus Valla, Linköping, 13:15 (Swedish)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2016-12-15 Created: 2016-12-15 Last updated: 2017-08-28Bibliographically approved

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The full text will be freely available from 2019-03-01 11:37
Available from 2019-03-01 11:37

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